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News on Human Progress:
...Displaying 12776 through 12800 of 18,353 news
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With the dominance of the cellphone, the map is emerging as a new metaphor for how we organize, find and use information.A new generation of smartphones like Google's Android G1 and a range of Japanese phones now "augment" reality by painting a map over a phone-screen image of the user's surroundings produced by the phone's camera.With this sort of map it is possible to see a 3-D view of one's surroundings, including the annotated distance to obje... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 18 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(University of Texas at Austin) Eight engineering assistant professors at the University of Texas at Austin have been awarded Faculty Early Career Development awards from the National Science Foundation, an honor which recognizes promising young faculty and supports their research with five years of funding.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on February 17 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Lehigh University) Researchers at Lehigh University have developed a graded grating structure that can be scaled to dimensions compatible with light waves in both the terahertz and telecommunications portion of the spectrum. The achievement, reported in Physics Review Letters, opens the door to the control of light waves on a chip. It has applications in spectroscopy, sensing and medical imaging, and it could hasten the arrival of all-optical tel... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on February 17 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(American Friends of Tel Aviv University) For centuries, animals have been our first line of defense against toxins. A canary in a coalmine served as a living monitor for poisonous gases. Scientists used fish to test for contaminants in our water. Even with modern advances, though, it can take days to detect a fatal chemical or organism. Until now. Working in the miniaturized world of nanotechnology, Tel Aviv University researchers have made a... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on February 17 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft) The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft has announced that it will fund two new especially innovative and high-risk research projects.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on February 17 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Trinity College Dublin) A more specific and faster detection of viruses has been identified in new research by Trinity College Dublin's Professor of Physics, Martin Hegner at Trinity College's Center of Research on Adaptive Nanostructures and Nanodevices and an international team of researchers. These findings have been published online in Nature News and will be published in the international peer-reviewed journal Nature Nanotechnology in March... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on February 17 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(University of Warwick) Chemistry researchers at the University of Warwick have found that tiny nanoparticles could be twice as likely to stick to the interface of two non mixing liquids than previously believed. This opens up a range of new possibilities for the uses of nanoparticles in living cells, polymer composites, and high-tech foams, gels, and paints. The researchers are also working on ways of further artificially enhancing this new fou... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on February 17 2009 by Thoughtbot
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During the next decade, the South Pole Telescope will study the cosmic background radiation to test the validity of inflation theory, which proposes that a random, microscopic density fluctuation in the fabric of space and time gave birth to the universe in a big bang. (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news154010927.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 17 2009 by Thoughtbot
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"There are something like a few dozen solar-type stars within something like 30 light years of the sun, and I would think that a good number of those -- perhaps half of them -- have Earth-like planets," says Alan Boss, an astrophysicist from the Carnegie Institution for Science. "So I think there is a very good chance that we will find some Earth-like planets within 10, 20 or 30 light years of the Sun." (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news15399... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 17 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A new "bar of soap" device by MIT researchers can predict what function its user wants from the way it is manipulated, using a three-axis accelerometer to measure its motion in 3D, and 72 sensors across its surface to track the position of the user's fingers. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn16617-gadget-reads-users-minds-from-their-grip.html?DCMP=OTC-rss&nsref=online-news)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 17 2009 by Thoughtbot
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With Internet security continuing to deteriorate globally, Stanford University researchers are creating a system to make it possible to slide a more advanced network quietly underneath today's Internet. By the end of the summer it will be running on eight campus networks around the country.The Stanford Clean Slate project will build a new Internet with improved security and the capabilities to support a new generation of not-yet-invented Internet ... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 17 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Algeferin, a chemical from an ocean sponge, can reprogram antibiotic resistant bacteria to make them vulnerable to medicines again, new evidence from Hollings Marine Laboratory research suggests. (Source: http://www.sciencenews.org/view/generic/id/40894/title/Sponge%27s_secret_weapon_restores_antibiotics%27_power)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 17 2009 by Thoughtbot
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University of California, Davis scientists are using artificial polymer muscles to reanimate the facial features of people suffering from severe paralysis.(WIPO)Example: If a patient tries to close their eyes, the effort triggers electrical activity in the muscles that would normally close the eyelids. The polymer muscle detects this activity and contracts, pulling on its cords to fully close the eyelids. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/art... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 17 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Virginia Tech) A veterinary pharmaco-toxicologist in the Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine at Virginia Tech is leading a team that has been awarded almost $1 million from the National Institutes of Health to explore the development of a nanotechnology-based approach for protecting people from the deadly affects of nerve gases like Sarin, VX and others that can be used as agents of terror.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on February 17 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Lehigh University researchers have briefly (a few picoseconds) trapped different frequencies of light at different spots along a grating, long enough to carry out the necessary computations or operations.The method may possibly allow for devices that use optical signals to be much faster and more efficient. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20126956.900-trapped-rainbows-could-make-optical-computing-a-reality.html?DCMP=OTC-rss&nsref... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 16 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Yale University researchers have demonstrated that nanoimprint lithography molds can be created from more durable materials -- an advance that could make the technique commercially viable for creating denser data storage and faster microprocessors. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/business/22167/?a=f)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 16 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Subliminal messages do inform people's decision-making, Northwestern University researchers have found. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20126955.600-subliminal-messages-really-do-affect-your-decisions.html?DCMP=OTC-rss&nsref=online-news)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 16 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Thanks to a fully sequenced dog genome and genetic tools that allow researchers to rapidly scan hundreds of thousands of gene mutations at once, geneticists have uncovered a handful of genes that determine coat color, variations in size, and some congenital diseases. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/blogs/shortsharpscience/2009/02/are-smart-designer-dogs-on-the.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 16 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Jiao Tong University scientists have produced a titanium dioxide deposit derived from the Paris peacock butterfly to make a solar cell photoanode with 10 per cent higher efficiency than normal. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20126956.400-solar-cells-feel-the-butterfly-effect.html?DCMP=OTC-rss&nsref=online-news)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 16 2009 by Thoughtbot
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"Maybe in the far future... post-human intelligence will develop hypercomputers with the processing power to simulate living things -- even entire worlds," says Martin Rees, professor of cosmology and astrophysics at the University of Cambridge. "Perhaps advanced beings could even simulate a 'universe' that goes far beyond mere patterns on a chequer-board and the best movie special effects. Their simulated universe could be as complex as the one w... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 16 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Forget reality TV. Nextgen is Augmented Reality TV: botnet replaces Judge Judy, artficial reality game (ARG) players determine real-life actions and events, new world order replaces democracy. That's the theme of the new ARG thriller Daemon. We are already steps away, with the building blocks in place now: GPS networks, pervasive botnets, top-down and bottom-up ubiquitous satellite surveillance, cams, and sensor networks. (Source: http://future... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 16 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Chemists at New York University and Nanjing University have developed a two-armed nanorobotic device that can manipulate molecules within a device built from DNA.The new, two-armed device is 150 x 50 x 8 nanometers in size and employs DNA origami, a method that uses a few hundred short DNA strands to direct a very long DNA strand to form structures that adopt any desired shape. The device enables the creation of new DNA structures, potentially ser... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 16 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Brain-implantable computers, body area networks, carbon nanotube-based therapies and drug delivery, DNA-based detectors of disease, intelligent implants, nanoelectronics for biomolecular detection, and direct brain-machine interfaces are among the state-of-the-art technologies to be explored in the 2nd Annual Unither Nanomedical & Telemedical Technology Conference, Feb. 24-27 in Orford, Quebec, Canada.Keynoted by Ray Kurzweil and microchip implant... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 16 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) Graphene, a single-atom-thick sheet of carbon, holds remarkable promise for future nanoelectronics applications. However, whether graphene actually cuts it in industry depends upon how graphene is cut, say researchers at the University of Illinois.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on February 15 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Northwestern University) One of the hydrogen economy's roadblocks to success is the hydrogen itself. Hydrogen needs to be purified before it can be used as fuel for fuel cells, but current methods are not very clean or efficient. Northwestern University researchers have developed a class of new porous materials, structured like honeycomb, that is very effective at separating hydrogen from complex gas mixtures. The materials exhibit the best selec... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on February 15 2009 by Thoughtbot
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