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Mitsubishi Electric Corp. and IHI Corp. will join a 2 trillion yen ($21 billion) Japanese project intending to build a solar-power station in space by the 2030s and beam energy via microwaves to earth to supply one gigawatt of electrical power, or enough to power 294,000 homes. (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency via Bloomberg) (Source: http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601101&sid=aJ529lsdk9HI)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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HealthMap's "Outbreaks Near Me," a new iPhone app by researchers at Children's Hospital Boston and MIT Media Lab, enables users to track and report outbreaks of infectious diseases in real time and set alerts that will notify a user on their device or by e-mail when new outbreaks are reported in their proximity (info also on HealthMap Web site). (HealthMap) (Source: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/09/090901111538.htm)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Worcester Polytechnic Institute) Philosophers say that to find the truth one must look below the surface. But for scientists and engineers in a broad range of fields, the surfaces of objects can reveal a wealth of useful information -- from the function of ancient stone tools to the best temperature to serve chocolate. Scientists and engineers from more than 10 disciplines will gather at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) Oct. 26-28, 2009, for... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on September 01 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Ludwig-Maximilians-Universit√§t M√ľnchen) A German-Dutch team with physicists from the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics in Garching, the Institute for Atomic and Molecular Physics AMOLF in Amsterdam and chemists from the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat in Munich achieved the control over single electrons in a multi-electron system with waveform shaped laser pulses.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on September 01 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Northwestern University) A team of Northwestern University researchers has introduced the power of nanodiamonds as a novel gene delivery technology that combines key properties in one approach: enhanced delivery efficiency along with outstanding biocompatibility. The researchers engineered surface-modified nanodiamond particles that successfully and efficiently delivered DNA into mammalian cells. The delivery efficiency was 70 times greater than ... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on September 01 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres) EUMINAfab offers open access to machines and know-how in micro- and nanotechnologies for users from science and industry. Today, this European infrastructure facility coordinated by KIT is starting operation: 10 leading institutions from research and industry in eight EU member states make available a total of 36 high-tech installations along with the corresponding scientific and technological exp... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on September 01 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A scenario issued by the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology last week posited an epidemic that could produce symptoms in 60 million to 120 million people and cause as many as 90 million to seek medical attention; up to 1.8 million could be hospitalized, 300,000 could flood into crowded ICUs, and 30,000 to 90,000 people could die (a vaccine to prevent swine flu will not be ready until mid-October). However, the virus has a lo... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 01 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A new report on the future of human-computer interaction from the Gartner Group may suggest how healthcare spearheads new technologies such as voice recognition, eye tracking, VR, haptics, and brain-computer interfaces. (Gartner July 2009) (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn17705-innovation-go-to-hospital-to-see-computings-future.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 01 2009 by Thoughtbot
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An electronic bypass to a broken connection in the spinal cord may be possible in the future, research at the University of Washington and elsewhere suggests. Electronic chips would be implanted in the relevant regions of the brain to record neural activity, a decoder would decipher the neural chatter to figure out what the brain wants the body to do, and these messages would be relayed wirelessly to electrodes that deliver a pulse of electricity ... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 01 2009 by Thoughtbot
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AI is a dangerous myth that could lead to a dystopian future of unintelligent, unfeeling robot carers and soldiers, but there is no evidence that machines will ever overtake us or gain sentience, says Noel Sharkey, professor of artificial intelligence and robotics at the University of Sheffield. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20327231.100)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 01 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The first programmable, fully biological, amorphous massively parallel robot, a "plasmobot," using plasmodium, the vegetative stage of the slime mold, is being developed by scientists at the University of the West of England. The plasmodium is capable of solving complex computational tasks, such as the shortest path between points and other logical calculations, and can be made to transport objects or grow in a certain direction, using light or ch... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 01 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Washington University School of Medicine researchers have attached the peptide Melittin, a major component of bee venom, to nano-sized spheres they call "nanobees"for injection into tumors. Melittin is strongly attracted to cell membranes, where it can form pores that break up cells and kill them. The results suggest that nanobees could lessen the growth and size of established cancerous tumors and also act at early stages to prevent cancer from d... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 01 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Circuits embedded into contact lenses to display information to the wearer are being developed by University of Washington researchers, with future plans to superimpose computer-generated high-resolution color graphics. (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/external/readwriteweb/2009/09/01/01readwriteweb-your-cyborg-eye-will-talk-to-you-16324.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 01 2009 by Thoughtbot
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As scaling down the transistor approaches fundamental physical limits, researchers at IBM and Intel are developing new materials and fabrication techniques, including FinFET (transistors tipped vertically for greater density and insulation), nanowires, and DNA origami (for precision nanowire scaffolding). (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/01/science/01trans.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 01 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The reliability of most gene tests is questionable, says Dr. Siobhan Dolan, an expert in human genetics at Sarah Lawrence College, and interpretations of test results offered by some companies fall way short of what a consumer might learn from a certified medical geneticist or genetic counselor (which are in short supply). Privacy concerns are another important issue. Consumers have no way to know how a company might use their genetic material. ... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 01 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The Stratellite, a new segmented unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) airship designed for high-altitude, long-duration flights, will be launched this week in Germany by TAO Technologies and Sanswire. The Stratellite has no frame, so it's lightweight and flexible, resembling an eel in flight. It is intended for wireless communications, border security, emergency and battlefield communications, and other applications that call for long-duration, high-al... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 01 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Rutgers University) The National Science Foundation has awarded Rutgers University two grants worth $6.4 million to fund graduate research in clean and sustainable energy resources using biotechnology and nanotechnology. The grants are funded under the five-year Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship (IGERT) program. The foundation also has awarded the university up to $1.25 million to extend practices developed under four earlie... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on August 31 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Rice University) Nanoparticles combining platinum and gold act as superefficient catalysts, but chemists have struggled to create them in an industrially useful form. In the Sept. 1 issue of the German scientific journal Angewandte Chemie, Rice University chemists report making a plastic-coated gold-platinum nanorod that can be used in the organic solvents favored by chemical and drug manufacturers. Tests reveal that the polymer-functionalized pa... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on August 31 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The root of the current lack of new, high-quality job creation is the massive scaling back of science and engineering research, which has in the past made enormous contributions to science, technology, and the economy, including the creation of millions of high-paying jobs, says management consultant Adrian Slywotzky.Here's what's needed to get that model back on track, he suggests:• Clear national goals in two or three key areas, such as ca... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 31 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Fish and some amphibians possess a unique sensory capability in their "lateral-line system" (using several thousand neuromasts) that detects changes in water currents, allowing them to sense objects without direct physical contact or to "see" in the dark, Technische Universitaet Muenchen physicists have found. The research may help endow robots with additional sensors for sound and touch, allowing them to move safely among crowds of people or orie... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 31 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Electrical stimulation of neurons activates a widely distributed set of neurons (via axons), not just those being stimulated, Harvard Medical School neurobiologists have found, using optical imaging of mice neurons. Neurons fired by electrical stimulation are seen here in bright red (Harvard Medical School)They used sensitive two-photon microscopy to track light emitted by a chemical triggered by increased calcium levels (which spike when a neuron... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 31 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Bing listings will appear on top of your iPhone's camera viewer when you point at a restaurant or business, with the forthcoming iPhone RobotVision app (it will also display a view of Tweets and Flickr photos published nearby wherever you are). (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/external/readwriteweb/2009/08/28/28readwriteweb-robotvision-a-bing-powered-iphone-augmented-r-770.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 31 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Cancer monitoring devices the size of a grain of rice that can be deposited at the site of a tumor have been developed by MIT and Harvard researchers. The devices use magnetic nanoparticles coated with a chemical that can bind with cancer biomarker molecules, creating minuscule clumps that can be detected by a non-invasive scan like an MRI (or by a hand-held magnetic resonance detector in the future).The technologies could help doctors when patien... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 31 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Sensors that can detect volatile organic compounds present in the breath of lung-cancer patients (and for certain other ailments, such as liver failure), using an array of small, inexpensive gold nanoparticles, have been developed by Israel Institute of Technology researchers. Clinical trials are expected within two or three years. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/biomedicine/23331/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 31 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The first image of a molecule has been achieved by IBM researchers using atomic force microscopy (AFM). (IBM and Science)They imaged the organic pentacene molecule, overcoming the problem of the probe sticking to the molecule (from electrostatic and van der Waals forces) by fixing a single carbon monoxide molecule to the end of the probe so that only one atom of relatively inactive oxygen came into contact with the pentacene. The IBM researchers ... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 31 2009 by Thoughtbot
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