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(Northwestern University) Optical technology developed by Northwestern University researchers has been shown to be effective in detecting the presence of pancreatic cancer through analysis of neighboring tissue in the duodenum. The promising new technology uses novel light-scattering techniques to analyze extremely subtle changes in the duodenum's cells. Cells that appear normal using traditional microscopy techniques do show signs of abnormality ... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on March 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Stanfor­d computer scientist Nick McKeow­n and colleagues have developed a standard called OpenFlow that essentially opens up the Internet to researchers, allowing them to define data flows using software--a sort of "software-defined networking."This software-based access allows computer scientists to inexpensively and easily test new switching and routing protocols. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/web/22120/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Several studies in the last year have found that missing or extra pieces of DNA in the 1q21.1 region put the bearer at risk for a surprisingly broad range of psychiatric and neurological disorders, including autism, schizophrenia, and mental retardation. The discovery that one piece of DNA can lead to such diverse outcomes is opening new avenues in the study of disease. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/biomedicine/22135/?a=f)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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"The very fact of belief in purpose itself might lead you to favor intelligent design," says Deborah Kelemen, a psychologist at Boston University, based on a study.Kelemen has documented the same kind of erroneous thinking -- called promiscuous teleology -- in young children. These mistakes diminish as kids take more science classes and learn causal explanations for natural events. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn16687-humans-may-... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Researchers have developed a way to accurately measure how heat flows within carbon nanotubes, and the results show that nanotube heating is more complicated than previously thought--a fact that could be crucial in enabling engineers to build carbon-nanotube electronics. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/computing/22239/?a=f)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A solar power milestone was reached last week when First Solar Inc brought its manufacturing costs for cadmium telluride (CdTe) solar panels down to $1 per watt, eclipsing silicon panels, which are still in the $3 range.The company estimates that it needs to get manufacturing costs down to $0.65 to $0.70 per watt and other installation costs down to $1 a watt to reach grid parity -- goals First Solar plans to reach by 2012. (Source: http://www.... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Microsoft is developing advaned artificial intelligence and graphics systems, such as a virtual assistant with voice- and facial-recognition skills who can book appointments for meetings or schedule a flight. The new system will take advantage of computing systems that Microsoft says will be about 50 to 100 times more powerful than today's systems by 2013. (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/02/technology/business-computing/02compute.html?_... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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An international team of researchers has developed what appears to be a safer way to create a promising alternative to embryonic stem cells, boosting hopes of sidestepping moral and political issues involved in destroying embryos. The researchers produced the cells by using strands of genetic material, instead of potentially dangerous genetically engineered viruses, to coax skin cells into a state that appears biologically identical to embryonic s... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The era of designer babies is here and there is no going back.Case in point: the Fertility Institute will soon be able to offer couples the ability to screen their embryos for eye color, hair color, and complexion. It also plans to offer almost any conceivable customization as science makes them available. Opponents are vilifying the company for shattering moral and ethical boundaries. (Source: http://singularityhub.com/2009/02/25/designer-babi... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Toradex has unveiled credit-card-sized computer modules with 1.1 or 1.6GHz Intel Atom cpu, HD graphic card, 512MB RAM, 2GB flash, USB 2.0 and microSD ports. Think of the possibilities...Tip: @XiXiDu (Source: http://www.engadget.com/2009/02/27/toradexs-robin-stuffs-atom-based-computer-on-credit-card-sized/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres) Just as sonar sends out sound waves to explore the hidden depths of the ocean, electrons can be used by scanning tunneling microscopes to investigate the well-hidden properties of the atomic lattice of metals. As researchers from Gottingen, Halle and Julich now report in the high-impact journal "Science," they succeeded in making bulk Fermi surfaces visible in this manner. Fermi surfaces determine... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on February 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) MIT researchers are developing the basic principles of nano-origami, a new technique that allows engineers to fold nanoscale materials into simple 3-D structures. The tiny folded materials could be used as motors and capacitors, potentially leading to better computer memory storage, faster microprocessors and new nanophotonic devices.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on February 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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As with traumatic injury, the brain may have the ability to reprogram itself to compensate for problems with key neurotransmitters such as serotonin and dopamine, say study investigators at York College and City University of New York. The finding may open the doors to entirely new lines of research and treatments for a wide range of brain disorders, including addiction, depression, Parkinson (Source: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/0... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Rsearchers from Hewlett-Packard Laboratories have fabricated and demonstrated a hybrid circuit with a memory resistor (or "memristor") combined with a transistor circuit for the first time. The circuit can also alter its own programming.A circuit containing both memristors and transistors could provide enhanced functionality with fewer components, minimizing chip area and power consumption. (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news154865950.html)... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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An affordable version of a tripod robot called Gigapan developed at Carnegie Mellon University uses motors to capture a scene with a grid of hundreds or thousands of images with an ordinary digital camera set to full zoom. Photo stitching software then combines them into a single super-detailed image containing billions of pixels, called a gigapan, which can be uploaded to a dedicated site where users are able zoom right into the images. (Source... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Five-minute films produced for mobile phones are the future, bringing them to a wide audience, says actor Kevin Spacey. (Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/7908414.stm)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Russ Wilcox, co-founder and CEO of E Ink, the company behind the low-power, high-contrast "electronic paper" screen on the Kindle 2 and e-paper: E-paper has taken 12 years and $150 million to develop. What we've got here is a technology that could be saving the [global print media] $80 billion a year." 2010 will be a big year for flexible displays. And then at the end of 2010, you will start to see improvements in the ink. We will have a whiter wh... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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BioNanomatrix is pursuing what may be the key to personalized medicine: sequencing technology so fast and cheap that an entire human genome can be read in eight hours for $100 or less. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/biomedicine/22112/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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MIT researchers are developing the basic principles of "nano-origami," a new technique that allows engineers to fold nanoscale materials into simple 3-D structures. The tiny folded materials could be used as motors and capacitors, potentially leading to better computer memory storage, faster microprocessors and new nanophotonic devices. (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news154796282.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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University of Michigan and other researchers are honing techniques for growing carefully structured arrays of high-quality carbon nanotubes, which could be the basis of new energy-storage devices and chip-cooling systems.(John Hart) (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/computing/22095/?a=f)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Singularity 101 with Vernor Vinge, Space Solar, First Steps Toward Post Scarcity, Building Your Perfect Memory, Hacking The Economy, and Nanobots in the Bloodstream are among the articles in the impressive new Spring 2009 issue of the online trendsetting edge-culture magazine H+. (Source: )
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 26 2009 by Thoughtbot
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There has been a flurry of interest in nanobots over the past week, casting quite a wide net that ranges from Nadrian Seeman's experimental lab work to Ray Kurzweil's hopeful dreams for the far future, says Foresight Institute president J. Storrs Hall. (Source: http://www.foresight.org/nanodot/?p=2970)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 26 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The current nano buzz includes four innovations:1. New research in using conductive nanomaterials for neuroengineering applications proposes carbon nanotubes as ideal probes for bidirectional interfaces in neuroprosthetics and as nanotools to endogenously (re)engineer single-neuron excitability and network connectivity.2 Recent advance in seeded growth as the ultimate approach to producing metal nanocrystals with precisely controlled sizes, shapes... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 26 2009 by Thoughtbot
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University of Nebraska-Lincoln researchers have created nanoscale devices based on connecting sharp-tipped electrodes with individually self-aligned carbon nanotubes. Scanning electron microscope image of electrodes (inset) and single-walled carbon nanotube bridge structureThe finding could lead to new applications in devices such as biosensors, light emitters, photon sensors, tiny molecular motors and memory cells. (Source: http://www.physorg.c... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 26 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Researchers from Queensland University of Technology and the University of South Florida have investigated the quantum nature of word associations and presented a simplified quantum model of a mental lexicon.They view quantum theory as an abstract framework for developing models of "non-separability" (of which quantum entanglement is a physical manifestation) in a variety of domains including cognition.This kind of research is an example of an eme... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 26 2009 by Thoughtbot
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