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Reaching microkelvin temperatures, the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) provides evidence that interferometric gravitational wave detectors (designed as sensitive probes of general relativity and astrophysical phenomena) can also become sensitive probes of macroscopic quantum mechanics, say MIT scientists. (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news166941860.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on July 16 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Singularity Summit 2009 moves to New York on October 3-4, the Singularity Institute for Artificial Intelligence (SIAI) plans to announce Thursday. The event will feature leading experts on accelerating technological change and the future of humanity, such as inventor/futurist Ray Kurzweil, speaking on "The Ubiquity and Predictability of the Exponential Growth of Information Technology" and "Critics of the Singularity"; David Chalmers, director of ... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on July 15 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The Human Genome Project took 13 years to fully sequence a single human's genetic information. At Washington University's Genome Center, they can now do one in a week. But when you're generating that much data, just keeping track of it can become a major challenge.... (Source: http://radar.oreilly.com/2009/07/sequencing-a-genome-a-week.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on July 15 2009 by Thoughtbot
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As neural devices such as deep brain stimulators and electrode systems for controlling prosthetic limbs become more complicated -- and go wireless -- some scientists say the risks of "brain hacking" should be taken seriously. (Source: http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2009/07/neurosecurity/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on July 15 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A new technology involving the fusion of four different types of images into a 3-D map of a patient's brain has helped University of Cincinnati (UC) specialists successfully remove a fist-sized tumor from a brain.The multiple brain scans from MRI, fMRI, diffusion tensor imaging, and computed tomography angiography were fused and installed into a surgical guidance computer. By revealing the tumor's relationship to all of the functional centers, and... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on July 15 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A scheme for teleporting a beam of light may show that it's possible that a physical object (e.g. a quantum field) in one location could emerge at another location in the same quantum state, a team of physicists has proposed. (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news166779852.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on July 15 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The H1N1virus exhibits an ability to infect cells deep in the lungs, where it can cause pneumonia and, in severe cases, death, an international team of researchers has found. (Yoshihiro Kawaoka)And it is possible that the virus could become even more pathogenic during the northen hemisphere fall and winter flu season, as the current pandemic runs its course and the virus evolves to acquire new features (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news166722... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on July 14 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A team of Yale University researchers has discovered a "repulsive" light force that can be used to control components on silicon microchips, meaning future nanodevices could be controlled by light rather than electricity. (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news166711942.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on July 14 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Tokyo University researchers have succeeded in genetically modifying a male silkmoth so that it reacts to light instead of odor, or to the odor of a different kind of moth -- the first step in a plan to develop a robo-bug that could sense illegal drugs (several kilometers away), landmines, people buried under rubble, or toxic gas. Their ultimate goal is to understand human brains and restore connections damaged by diseases and accidents. (Source... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on July 14 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore) Singapore's Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology has discovered a new environmentally friendly method to synthesize a wide variety of nanoparticles inexpensively. This new chemical synthesis was recently published in Nature Materials.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on July 13 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Yale University) A team of Yale University researchers has discovered a "repulsive" light force that can be used to control components on silicon microchips, meaning future nanodevices could be controlled by light rather than electricity.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on July 13 2009 by Thoughtbot
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ConforMIS is creating knee implants on demand that exactly match a patient's anatomy, using rapid prototyping to convert a three-dimensional computer design into a physical prosthetic.(ConforMIS) (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/biomedicine/22988/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on July 13 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Researchers at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) have given the realistic-looking robot Einstein the ability to improve its own expressions through learning.(USCD) (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/blog/editors/23825/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on July 13 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Insects with implants designed to detect chemical and biological agents on the battlefield or find survivors of earthquakes and other disasters and modulate their calls in the presence of certain chemicals are being developed under a DARPA grant. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20327165.900-cyborg-crickets-could-chirp-at-the-smell-of-survivors.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on July 13 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Software that can create 3D models directly from a series of photos is now available for use free on Dr. David McKinnon's website. (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news166347730.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on July 13 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Brown University) Rashid Zia, Assistant Professor of Engineering, has been named a winner of the Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers. The winners were announced by the White House this week.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on July 10 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Wiley-Blackwell) A team working with Rustem F. Ismagilov at the University of Chicago has demonstrated that the absolute number of cells is irrelevant to The process of quorum sensing; only the number of bacteria in a given volume plays a role. They were even able to trigger quorum-sensing processes in single cells when these were confined in extremely small volumes.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on July 10 2009 by Thoughtbot
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In rhesus monkeys, caloric restriction begun in adulthood reduces risk of the most common age-related conditions--diabetes, cancer, heart disease, and brain atrophy--by a third, researchers at the National Primate Research Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison report.The incidence of both cardiovascular disease and tumors was reduced by 50 percent in the diet group. And magnetic resonance imaging showed that caloric restriction preserved g... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on July 10 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The top 10% of smart-phone users -- the smartphoniacs -- are the true addicts of the information age.You might be a smartphoniac if you:- Take your smartphone to the restroom- Send messages while driving- Sneak a look at your messages during a conversation- Suffer from sprained or elongated thumbs- Openly use your smart phone in inappropriate places, such as first dates (Source: http://online.wsj.com/article/SB124690953879601851.html?mod=dist_sm... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on July 10 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(University of California - Riverside) Jeanie Lau of the University of California, Riverside has been recognized with a national honor that is given only to a few outstanding researchers who are beginning their independent research careers. Lau is one of 100 recipients of the Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE) for the 2008 competition. PECASE represents the highest honor a beginning scientist or engineer can rec... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on July 09 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) Researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the University of California at Berkeley grow dense arrays of single-crystal semiconductors arranged as nanoscale pillars on low-cost, aluminum foil substrates. When the nanopillars are combined with a transparent, positively charged semiconductor that serves as a window, the resulting 3-D photovoltaic promises efficient, cheap, flexible solar cell... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on July 09 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Arizona State University) Since its discovery a few years ago, graphene has climbed to the top of the heap of new materials poised to transform the electronics and nanotechnology landscape. Now, ASU Biodesign Institute scientist N.J. Tao has made the first measurement of a fundamental property of graphene, known as quantum capacitance. This crucial variable should prove invaluable to researchers pushing the existing limits of innovation in microc... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on July 09 2009 by Thoughtbot
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For many people, the safest option would be to seek shelter in buildings or underground. Just staying inside could slash the immediate death toll from radiation by up to a factor of 100, or even 1000. Progenitor cells coud prop up the patient's immune system while the bone marrow recovers. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20327163.900-is-your-city-prepared-for-a-homemade-nuke.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on July 09 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Software developed in the UK has worked out the basics of sign language by absorbing TV shows that are both subtitled and signed. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn17431-computer-learns-sign-language-by-watching-tv.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on July 09 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Like black silicon (which contains microscopic cones), pink silicon can absorb light over a wider spectrum than can normal silicon (making it cheaper for use in photodetectors) and is more sensitive to light, while eliminating the fabrication challenges with black silicon. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/computing/22975/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on July 09 2009 by Thoughtbot
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