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(National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)) Researchers at NIST have developed a method to measure the toughness of the thin insulating films that play a critical role in high-performance integrated circuits, a technique that can help improve the reliability and manufacturability of ICs.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on December 23 2008 by Thoughtbot
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(Optical Society of America) Deriving plentiful electricity from sunlight at a modest cost is a challenge with immense implications for energy, technology and climate policy. A paper in a special energy issue of Optics Express, the Optical Society's open-access journal, describes a relatively new approach to solar cells: lacing them with nanoscopic metal particles.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on December 23 2008 by Thoughtbot
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A recent report on High Frequency Gravitational Waves (HFGW) for the Office of the Director of National Intelligence "seriously misrepresented theoretical research by Gravwave LLC and other researchers," according to Gravwave CEO Dr. Robert Baker, a pioneer in HFGW research since 1961.Baker said theoretical research by Gravware scientists and other scientists suggests that HFGWs could eventually lead to the ability to communicate or "see" through ... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 23 2008 by Thoughtbot
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Using only an LED, plastic light filter and some wires, scientists at UCLA's California NanoSystems Institute have modded a cellphone into a portable blood tester capable of detecting HIV, malaria and other illnesses.UCLA researcher Dr. Aydogan Ozcan images thousands of blood cells instantly by placing them on an off-the-shelf camera sensor and lighting them with a coherent filtered-light source. That exposes distinctive qualities of the cells, wh... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 23 2008 by Thoughtbot
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Computer interfaces, wireless devices, memory, and microprocessors were all hot topics in 2008. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/computing/21895/?a=f)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 23 2008 by Thoughtbot
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James Tour, a professor of chemistry at Rice University, won the Foresight Institute Feynman Prize for experimental nanotechnology for his nanocar, which is four nanometers across and includes a chassis with an engine, a pivoting suspension and rotating axles attached to rolling buckyball wheels, each made of 60 carbon atoms. (Source: http://www.computerworld.com/action/article.do?command=viewArticleBasic&taxonomyName=Storage&articleId=9123959&t... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 23 2008 by Thoughtbot
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One computer program would allow vision-impaired shoppers to point their cellphones at supermarket shelves and hear descriptions of products and prices. Another would allow a physically disabled person to guide a computer mouse using brain waves and eye movements.The two programs were among those created by eight groups of volunteers at a two-day software-writing competition this fall at the University of Southern California, named Project:Possibi... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 23 2008 by Thoughtbot
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British inventor Josh Silver, a professor of physics at Oxford University, has embarked on a quest to offer glasses to a billion of the world's poorest people by 2020.(Michael Lewis)Silver has devised a pair of glasses that rely on the principle that the fatter a lens the more powerful it becomes. Inside the device's tough plastic lenses are two clear circular sacs filled with fluid, each of which is connected to a small syringe attached to either... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 23 2008 by Thoughtbot
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Artificial bone marrow that can continuously make red and white blood cells has been created in a University of Michigan lab. The substance grows on a 3-D scaffold that mimics the tissues supporting bone marrow in the body. It can replicate blood stem cells and produce B cells, the key immune cells producing antibodies that are important to fighting many diseases.Cancer-fighting chemotherapy drugs can strongly suppress bone marrow function, leavin... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 23 2008 by Thoughtbot
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An international team of brain researchers have reported experiments with a patient with destroyed visual lobes who shows "blindsight" -- unconscious perception of obstacles. (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/23/health/23blin.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 23 2008 by Thoughtbot
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Jeffrey Olsen at the University of Colorado Hospital has invented a better solution for people with impaired vision due to damaged retinas, by using quantum dots to amplify the light that reaches the retina, using the eye's still functioning light-sensitive cells.Quantum dots (nanoscale semiconductor material) fluoresce when hit by photons and would have the effect of making any received retinal image brighter, with the advantages that they requi... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 23 2008 by Thoughtbot
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Advocates for space-based solar power have posted a white paper on the topic on the transition website, change.gov, hoping to secure some support for developing the technology from the Obama administration, given the incoming president's pledge to make developing alternative energy sources a top priority. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/blogs/shortsharpscience/2008/12/will-obama-pursue-space-based.html#more)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 23 2008 by Thoughtbot
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(Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center) Researchers have developed a new generation of microscopic particles for molecular imaging, constituting one of the first promising nanoparticle platforms that may be readily adapted for tumor targeting and treatment in the clinic.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on December 22 2008 by Thoughtbot
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(Princeton University, Engineering School) A Princeton-led team of researchers has discovered an entirely new mechanism for making common electronic materials emit laser beams. The finding could lead to lasers that operate more efficiently and at higher temperatures than existing devices, and find applications in environmental monitoring and medical diagnostics.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on December 22 2008 by Thoughtbot
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Scientists are developing an electronic "sex chip" that works by stimulating the orbitofrontal cortex, which is associated with the pleasure felt when eating and having sex. (Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-1099722/Bionic-sex-chip-stimulates-pleasure-centre-brain-developed-scientists.html?ITO=1490)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 22 2008 by Thoughtbot
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The U.S. Department of Homeland Security has given BAE Systems $105 million since 2004 to develop and test its infrared aircraft missile defense system for use on commercial aircraft, to prevent a terrorist with a shoulder-mounted anti-aircraft missile launcher from shooting a plane down. The Jeteye infrared beam, developed by London-based BAE Systems, blinds a heat-seeking missile's navigation capabilities. (Source: http://www.sciam.com/blog/60... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 22 2008 by Thoughtbot
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Clarkson University Center for Advanced Materials Processing scientists have discovered a new method of protecting teeth from cavities by ultrafine polishing with silica nanoparticles. (Source: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/12/081220085436.htm)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 22 2008 by Thoughtbot
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Professor Noel Sharkey of the University of Sheffield has called for international guidelines to be set for the ethical and safe application of robots.For example, "because of the physical safety that robot minders provide, children could be left without human contact for many hours a day or perhaps for several days, and the possible psychological impact of the varying degrees of social isolation on development is unknown," he said.And elder-care ... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 22 2008 by Thoughtbot
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The European SIMDAT project has created a portfolio of tools and services that can bring the power of grid computing to commercial applications.Grids for business have huge applications in data crunching and collaboration in automotive, pharmaceutical, aerospace, weather, and shipping sectors, and in media production. (Source: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/12/081219073158.htm)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 22 2008 by Thoughtbot
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A blue-ribbon panel of scientists is trying to determine the best way to detect and ward off any wandering space rocks that might be on a collision course with Earth.The panel has been commmissioned by the National Academy of Sciences to propose the best way to detect and analyze 90 percent of the "near Earth objects" orbiting between Mars and Venus that are wider than 460 feet by 2020.About 20 percent of these are identified as potentially hazard... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 22 2008 by Thoughtbot
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In its annual list of the year's top ten scientific breakthroughs, the journal Science has given top honors to research that produced "made-to-order" cell lines by reprogramming cells from ill patients.The cell lines and techniques to produce them offer long-sought tools for understanding -- and hopefully someday curing -- difficult-to-study diseases such as Parkinson's disease and type 1 diabetes.Other scientific achievements named include direct... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 22 2008 by Thoughtbot
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University of Pittsburgh researchers have developed the first natural, nontoxic method for biodegrading carbon nanotubes (CNTs), which could help lower environmental and health concerns.They found that CNTs in fine powder form deteriorate when exposed to the natural enzyme horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and a low concentration of hydrogen peroxide.Once fully developed, this method could be administered as easily as chemical cleanups in today's labs,... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 22 2008 by Thoughtbot
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Researchers at the Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL) have found that carbon nanotubes (CNTs), which are highly conductive and corrosion-resistant, form extremely tight contacts with neuronal cell membranes and could act as a new building block for novel "electrical bypass" systems for treating traumatic injury of the central nervous system.CNTs could also replace metal parts in clinical applications such as deep brain stimulation for... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 22 2008 by Thoughtbot
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(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Engineers at the University of Idaho have developed unique new technology that will be used in upcoming NASA missions that will study the earth and sun-earth connection.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on December 19 2008 by Thoughtbot
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(Eindhoven University of Technology) Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e) in The Netherlands will award an honorary doctorate to Dr. Samuel I. Stupp, director of the Institute for BioNanotechnology in Medicine, at Northwestern University, Chicago. He will be awarded on the Dies Natalis of TU/e, on Friday, April 24, 2009. Stupp is being honored for his revolutionary research into soft matter and applications for complex molecular systems in bi... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on December 19 2008 by Thoughtbot
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