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(Duke University) Duke University engineers say they can for the first time control all the degrees of a nanoparticle's motion, opening up broad possibilities for nanotechnology and device applications.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on August 11 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Eindhoven University of Technology) An international team of researchers from the Netherlands, Russia and Austria discovered that monolayer coverage and channel length set the mobility in self-assembled monolayer field-effect transistors. This opens the door to extremely sensitive chemical sensors that can be produced in a cost-effective way. The research was done at Philips Research Eindhoven and Eindhoven University of Technology. The findings ... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on August 11 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(DOE/Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory) If manmade devices could be combined with biological machines, laptops and other electronic devices could get a boost in operating efficiency.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on August 11 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Researchers are developing a new class of tiny mechanical devices containing vibrating, hair-thin structures that could be used to filter electronic signals in cell phones and for other more exotic applications. (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news169134677.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 11 2009 by Thoughtbot
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There are fewer pathways for information to flow between neurons in the brain of a mouse bred to exhibit symptoms of schizophrenia compared to a normal mouse, Northwestern University researchers have found.Fewer pathways make it hard for information to flow between neurons and results in the symptoms of schizophrenia.(Peter Penzes, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine) (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news169150751.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 11 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Entirely new classes of antiviral drugs that work against a wide range of existing viruses -- and will also be effective against viruses that have not even evolved yet -- are being developed by several companies. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20327200.100-how-to-cure-diseases-before-they-have-even-evolved.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 11 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Specialized adult cells made "immortal" through the blockade of an antitumor pathway (p53) can be turned into stem-like cells quickly and efficiently, making it easier to generate patient-specific cells from any tissue type, five research teams have found. (Source: http://www.nature.com/news/2009/090809/full/news.2009.809.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 11 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A fast, efficient way to determine the structure of proteins, shortening a process that often takes years into a matter of days, has been developed by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory scientists. They used a "small angle x-ray scattering" (SAXS) technique, which can image a protein in its natural state, such as in a solution, and at a spatial resolution of about 10 angstroms, which is small enough to determine a protein's three-dimensional sh... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 11 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Stanford engineer Stephen R. Quake has invented a new technology for decoding DNA and used it to decode his own genome for less than $50,000. (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/08/11/science/11gene.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 11 2009 by Thoughtbot
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St. Jude Medical Inc. has developed a pacemaker and wireless home monitoring system that transmits critical information to a doctor via the Internet. (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/reuters/2009/08/10/technology/tech-us-pacemaker.html?partner=rss&emc=rss)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 11 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Inventor Dean Kamen challenges the notion that the U.S. has a healthcare crisis. Rather than slowing the pace of medical progress to cut healthcare costs, he argues, America should be encouraging more innovation in life-saving drugs and technologies. (Source: http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/health_medicine/4327012.html?page=1)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 11 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Researchers at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have sealed silicon-nanowire transistors in a membrane similar to those that surround biological cells. These hybrid devices, which operate similarly to nerve cells, might be used to make better interfaces for prosthetic limbs and cochlear implants. They might also work well as biosensors for medical diagnostics. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/computing/23157/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 11 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A way to program a biological computer using the food-seeking behavior of the Physarum polycephalum (an amoeboid slide mold that can find the shortest way through mazes and anticipate periodic events), has been suggested by Andrew Adamatzky from University of the West of England. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/blog/arxiv/23962/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 11 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(University of Virginia) A new material developed at the University of Virginia -- an oxygen nanosensor that couples a light-emitting dye with a biopolymer -- simplifies the imaging of oxygen-deficient regions of tumors. Such tumors are associated with increased cancer aggressiveness and are particularly difficult to treat.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on August 10 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Purdue University) Researchers are developing a new class of tiny mechanical devices containing vibrating, hair-thin structures that could be used to filter electronic signals in cell phones and for other more exotic applications.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on August 10 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) Researchers at MIT have for the first time shown that nanotubes can grow without a metal catalyst. The researchers demonstrate that zirconium oxide, the same compound found in cubic zirconia "fake diamonds," can also grow nanotubes, but without the unwanted side effects of metal.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on August 10 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Clemson University) Clemson chemistry assistant professor Rhett Smith will receive $598,000 in a National Science Foundation CAREER Award to study a new class of materials that conduct electrical currents and can be used in thin, lightweight and flexible plastic electronic devices.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on August 10 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(University of California - Santa Barbara) The Burnham Institute for Medical Research and the University of California, Santa Barbara have named leading biomedical researcher Jamey D. Marth director of a new joint Center for Nanomedicine that will be established at UCSB.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on August 10 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Half the world appears vulnerable to social instability and violence due to increasing and potentially prolonged unemployment, as well as several longer-term issues such as decreasing water, food, and energy supplies, according to the 2009 State of the Future report, just published by the Millennium Project, a global, independent futures-research think tank. Distilling the collective intelligence of more than 2,500 leading scientists, scholars, an... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 10 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Dogs can count up to four or five, can understand up to 250 words, and intentionally deceive other dogs and people to get treats, placing their mental abilities close to a human child age 2 to 2.5 years, says psychologist Stanley Coren, of the University of British Columbia. (Source: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/08/090810025241.htm)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 10 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The Robot Operating System or ROS, an open-source set of programs meant to serve as a common platform for a wide range of robotics research, is being developed and used by teams at Stanford University, MIT, and the Technical University of Munich, among others. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20327206.300-robots-to-get-their-own-operating-system.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 10 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Rather than moving massive datasets to a specialized graphics-processing cluster for rendering, researchers are writing software that allows the thousands of processors in a supercomputer to do the visualization themselves.Image of a core-collapse supernova generated on Argonne National Laboratory's supercomputer (Argonne National Laboratory) (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/computing/23139/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 10 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Sandia National Laboratories researchers have created more one million virtual computers to provide insight into how networks of infected computers called botnets wreak havoc on the Internet. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20327206.100-virtual-computer-army-takes-on-the-botnets.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 10 2009 by Thoughtbot
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NASA should revive its successful Institute for Advanced Concepts (NIAC), says an expert panel, focused on projects for 10 years and beyond. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn17568)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 10 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Textbooks may soon be replaced by digital textbooks and online courses, or even by lessons assembled from the wealth of free open-source courseware, educational games, videos, blogs, Twitter feeds, and projects on the Web. (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/08/09/education/09textbook.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 10 2009 by Thoughtbot
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