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News on Human Progress:
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Teleportation on a macroscopic scale, faster-than-light particles, and the world on the brink of nuclear annihilation are among the ideas explored in the alternate world of the Watchmen movie. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn16700-quantum-superheroes-the-science-of-watchmen.html?DCMP=OTC-rss&nsref=online-news)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 04 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Hackers can manipulate outdated algorithms to give two very different documents the same digital signature. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/computing/22137/?a=f)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 04 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A fertility doctor who offered to customize traits like eye and hair color is backing down and says he will mess with Mother Nature only for medical reasons -- for now. (Source: http://www.nydailynews.com/news/2009/03/03/2009-03-03_designakid_clinic_puts_offer_on_hold.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 04 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Shaking up the nascent market for electronic books for the second time in two months, Amazon.com will begin selling e-books for reading on Apple's popular iPhone and iPod Touch. (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/04/technology/04kindle.html?_r=1&ref=technology)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 04 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies) The current economic downturn highlights the importance -- and challenges -- of building a new 21st century "innovation economy" for America. To move beyond the current crisis, we need to retain and create advanced manufacturing and knowledge-intensive jobs, invest in "green" science and engineering research, and ensure the competitiveness of US technology-based industries and workers.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on March 03 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) Berkeley Lab researchers have shown that electrical resistance through a molecular junction -- a nanometer scale circuit element that contacts gold atoms with a single molecule -- can be turned "on" and "off" simply by pushing and pulling the junction. This feature has potential for being used as a switch in future nanoscale electronic devices.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on March 03 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The Dutch national supercomputer Huygens in Amsterdam defeated two human Go professionals in an official match on Feb. 10-11, a new milestone in AI research. Huygens, an IBM Power 575 Hydro-Cluster system, has a peak speed of 60 trillion calculations per second (Teraflop/s). (Source: http://www.hpcwire.com/offthewire/Dutch-Supercomputer-Establishes-New-Go-Record-40540917.html?viewAll=y)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 03 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Like it or not, 140 characters or less is currently a new container for ideas. And if you want to go viral, expressing your idea in 120 characters or less is even better (so that others can retweet (forward your tweet). (Source: http://www.siliconvalleywatcher.com/mt/archives/2009/03/140_characters.php)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 03 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Surprising mechanical, structural, and electronic properties of one-atom-thin graphene sheets are grabbing widespread attention for its uses in future flexible displays, transistors, and advanced wearable and flexible personal electronic systems. Graphene transistor (Phaedon Avouris/IBM) (Source: http://pubs.acs.org/cen/coverstory/87/8709cover.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 03 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The idea that robots might one day be able to tell friend from foe is deeply flawed, says roboticist Noel Sharkey of the University of Sheffield, commenting on a report calling for weapon-wielding military robots to be programmed with the same ethical rules of engagement as human soldiers. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20126975.200-why-robots-cant-be-trusted-with-weapons.html?DCMP=OTC-rss&nsref=online-news)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 03 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Giving a PC a robotic neck and throwing away the keyboard and mouse has produced a less-demanding personal computer controlled only by gestures. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn16691-robotic-computer-watches-your-every-move.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 03 2009 by Thoughtbot
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An asteroid about the size (20 to 50 meters across) of the one that leveled the forest in Tunguska, Siberia a century ago flew past Earth on Monday at 72,000 kilometers above the Earth's surface, just over twice the distance to geosynchronous satellites. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn16697-tunguskasized-space-rock-buzzes-earth.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 03 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A U.N. report published today states that six in ten people (60%) of the world's population has a cell phone subscription, up from just under 15% in 2002.Internet use has more than doubled to 23% in 2008, up from 11% in 2002.The report also ranked countries by how advanced their information and communications technology (ICT) is, with Sweden first and the U.S. at #17. (Source: http://www.tgdaily.com/content/view/41586/113/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 03 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Scientists at Intellectual Ventures have designed a "traveling­-wave" reactor that requires only a small amount of enriched uranium fuel and runs for decades without refueling and reprocessing, with their risks of nuclear-weapons proliferation and environmental pollution.(Bryan Christie Design) (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/energy/22114/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 03 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Boston College) Boston College chemists have grown a titanium nanostructure that delivers a 33 percent gain in power-collecting efficiency. Part catalyst and part conductor, the novel material could serve clean power applications like water-splitting, where a titanium catalyst has been shown to separate and store hydrogen and oxygen gases.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on March 03 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory) With a one-of-a-kind instrument at ORNL, discoveries have been made that could open new pathways for nanoscale electronics. An enzyme that converts cellulosic materials and water to hydrogen used in transportation has been discovered. An ORNL study of structural damage shows that buildings with large openings are more prone to hurricane damage. A combination of neutron, X-ray and atom-probe analysis has given re... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on March 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Northwestern University) Optical technology developed by Northwestern University researchers has been shown to be effective in detecting the presence of pancreatic cancer through analysis of neighboring tissue in the duodenum. The promising new technology uses novel light-scattering techniques to analyze extremely subtle changes in the duodenum's cells. Cells that appear normal using traditional microscopy techniques do show signs of abnormality ... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on March 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Stanfor­d computer scientist Nick McKeow­n and colleagues have developed a standard called OpenFlow that essentially opens up the Internet to researchers, allowing them to define data flows using software--a sort of "software-defined networking."This software-based access allows computer scientists to inexpensively and easily test new switching and routing protocols. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/web/22120/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Several studies in the last year have found that missing or extra pieces of DNA in the 1q21.1 region put the bearer at risk for a surprisingly broad range of psychiatric and neurological disorders, including autism, schizophrenia, and mental retardation. The discovery that one piece of DNA can lead to such diverse outcomes is opening new avenues in the study of disease. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/biomedicine/22135/?a=f)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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"The very fact of belief in purpose itself might lead you to favor intelligent design," says Deborah Kelemen, a psychologist at Boston University, based on a study.Kelemen has documented the same kind of erroneous thinking -- called promiscuous teleology -- in young children. These mistakes diminish as kids take more science classes and learn causal explanations for natural events. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn16687-humans-may-... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Researchers have developed a way to accurately measure how heat flows within carbon nanotubes, and the results show that nanotube heating is more complicated than previously thought--a fact that could be crucial in enabling engineers to build carbon-nanotube electronics. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/computing/22239/?a=f)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A solar power milestone was reached last week when First Solar Inc brought its manufacturing costs for cadmium telluride (CdTe) solar panels down to $1 per watt, eclipsing silicon panels, which are still in the $3 range.The company estimates that it needs to get manufacturing costs down to $0.65 to $0.70 per watt and other installation costs down to $1 a watt to reach grid parity -- goals First Solar plans to reach by 2012. (Source: http://www.... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Microsoft is developing advaned artificial intelligence and graphics systems, such as a virtual assistant with voice- and facial-recognition skills who can book appointments for meetings or schedule a flight. The new system will take advantage of computing systems that Microsoft says will be about 50 to 100 times more powerful than today's systems by 2013. (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/02/technology/business-computing/02compute.html?_... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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An international team of researchers has developed what appears to be a safer way to create a promising alternative to embryonic stem cells, boosting hopes of sidestepping moral and political issues involved in destroying embryos. The researchers produced the cells by using strands of genetic material, instead of potentially dangerous genetically engineered viruses, to coax skin cells into a state that appears biologically identical to embryonic s... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The era of designer babies is here and there is no going back.Case in point: the Fertility Institute will soon be able to offer couples the ability to screen their embryos for eye color, hair color, and complexion. It also plans to offer almost any conceivable customization as science makes them available. Opponents are vilifying the company for shattering moral and ethical boundaries. (Source: http://singularityhub.com/2009/02/25/designer-babi... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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