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News on Human Progress:
...Displaying 12501 through 12525 of 18,132 news
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University of Oxford researchers have come up with a way for map-building robots to accurately recognize places they have been before, even when objects have moved or are approached from a new angle.Their FabMap software tackles those problems by having a robot assign a visual "vocabulary" of up to a thousand individual "words" for each scene, every two seconds. That means when the robot revisits a scene that now lacks, say, a bicycle, it notes a... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 26 2009 by Thoughtbot
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People lose weight if they lower calories -- it doesn't matter which diet, according to the largest-ever controlled study of weight-loss methods, published Wednesday in The New England Journal of Medicine. (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/02/26/health/nutrition/26diet.html?ref=us)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 26 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)) Researchers at NIST and The Johns Hopkins University have constructed a unique tool for exploring the properties of promising new materials with unprecedented sensitivity and speed, potentially allowing them to identify quickly those most useful for nanotechnology and industrial applications.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on February 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(University of Wisconsin-Madison) Friction is a force that affects any application where moving parts come into contact; the more surface contact there is, the stronger the force. At the nanoscale -- mere billionths of a meter -- friction can wreak havoc on tiny devices made from only a small number of atoms or molecules. With their high surface-to-volume ratio, nanomaterials are especially susceptible to the forces of friction.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on February 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Vanderbilt University) A team of Vanderbilt scientists have invented the world's smallest version of the periscope and are using it to look at cells and other microorganisms from several sides at once.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on February 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(University of Oregon) Next time you have an unlucky encounter with a crab's pincers, consider that the claw tips may be reinforced with bromine-rich biomaterial 1.5 times harder than acrylic glass and extremely fracture resistant, says a University of Oregon scientist.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on February 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A prototype chip built by D-Wave Systems is designed to handle 128 qubits of information, more than any previous device. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20126965.600-most-powerful-ever-quantum-chip-undergoing-tests.html?DCMP=OTC-rss&nsref=online-news)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Microsoft researchers have demonstrated software that can superimpose computer-generated information in real time on top of a digitized view of the real world, which could add another dimension to future smart phones. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/computing/22218/?a=f)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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IBM fellow Stuart Parkin has developed an entirely new way to store information: "racetrack memory," a memory chip with the huge storage capacity of a magnetic hard drive, the durability of electronic flash memory, and speed superior to both. The key is an array of U-shaped magnetic nanowires, arranged vertically like trees in a forest. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/computing/22115/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A computerized kiosk under development at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) can take a patient's medical history, weight, pulse, blood pressure, and other vital signs, and even perform simple blood tests for glucose and cholesterol. Physicians hope that the device will one day bring relief to the overburdened healthcare system, and allow doctors to intervene earlier in chronic disease. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/biomedicine/2221... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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NASA needs "serious reform or significant organizational overhaul," Apollo astronaut Buzz Aldrin and colleagues say in a draft paper.They advise that it should replace George W. Bush's 2004 Vision for Space Exploration, which called for returning astronauts to the Moon by 2020, with a plan that focuses on sending astronauts first to new targets, such as asteroids or the L2 libration point, which could host a space-station-like outpost and could al... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A report by the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation found that the United States ranked sixth among 40 countries and regions, based on 16 indicators of innovation and competitiveness, including venture capital investment, scientific researchers, spending on research and educational achievement.But the American economy placed last in terms of progress made over the last decade. (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/02/25/technology/25... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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UCLA researchers have generated functionally mature motor neurons from induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells. The process be a boon to research into conditions such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and spinal cord injury, and could open the door to eventual treatments. (Source: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090224133154.htm)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Susan Greenfield, a neuroscientist at the University of Oxford, warned that the instant feedback and impersonal communication offered by social networking sites could drive human brains and behavior in negative directions."As a consequence, the mid-21st Century mind might almost be infantilized, characterized by short attention spans, sensationalism, inability to empathize and a shaky sense of identity," Greenfield said. (Source: http://www.chic... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Hand transplantation has seen significant success in roughly 40 patients worldwide. (Source: http://singularityhub.com/2009/02/16/can-they-really-transplant-an-entire-hand-yes-indeed/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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CureTogether, a Health 2.0 Startup based in Silicon Valley, will release the first crowdsourced women's health book Wednesday. Assembled from the input of 190 women living with a common, but poorly understood condition called vulvodynia, "Vulvodynia Heroes" is the product of an ongoing online research study. (Source: )
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Boston College) Terahertz radiation, a fleeting phase of the electromagnetic spectrum, has proved difficult to manipulate with great precision. A team of researchers report engineering a solid-state metamaterial device capable of controlling a terahertz beam 30 times faster than a conventional optical device. The device could prove critical to new applications employing the terahertz frequency.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on February 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Amazon's new Kindle 2 e-book reader, now shipping, wirelessly offers a choice of 240,000 books to mobile readers for $10 a book or less. (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/02/24/technology/personaltech/24pogue.html?ref=technology)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Case Western Reserve researchers are developing nanostructured semiconductor photoelectrodes to trigger neurons in single cells or groups of cells with infrared light, replacing electrodes, which have potential damaging side effects. (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news154619675.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The Food and Drug Administration has approved deep brain stimulation for the treatment of intractable obsessive-compulsive disorder -- the first time that the technique, which involves surgically implanting electrodes deep within the brain to trigger electrical activity, has been approved for use in a psychiatric condition. (Source: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/02/23/AR2009022301809.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Financial economist David X. Li's simplistic Gaussian copula function for deriving correlations between financial quantities, adopted by everybody from bond investors and Wall Street banks to ratings agencies and regulators, crashed the global economy when house-price depreciation kicked in. (Source: http://www.wired.com/techbiz/it/magazine/17-03/wp_quant)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Harvard University professor George Whitesides is coupling advanced microfluidics with paper to create a versatile, disposable test that can check a tiny amount of urine or blood for evidence of infectious diseases or chronic conditions. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/read_article.aspx?id=22113&ch=specialsections&sc=&pg=1)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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"We need to rethink our entire philosophy of regulation," says Wired writer David Roth. "Instead of assigning oversight responsibility to a finite group of bureaucrats, we should enable every investor to act as a citizen-regulator."We should tap into the massive parallel processing power of people around the world by giving everyone the tools to track, analyze, and publicize financial machinations. The result would be a wave of decentralized innov... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The U.S. Army has released new footage of the BigDog robot--a sophisticated, four-legged "pack-bot" designed to carry 340-pound payloads across all kinds of terrain--up or down hills, through ice, sand, snow, and dirt--by monitoring sensors in its legs and adjusting its posture accordingly. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/blog/editors/23008/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on February 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Texas A&M AgriLife Communications) A briefcase-sized kit may one day be used for quick, accurate field tests for microorganisms that could infect and kill plants. If the pathogen is found, experts can tell farmers how to prevent the devastation, according to a Texas AgriLife Research plant pathologist. A $1 million US Department of Agriculture grant is funding the effort to protect U.S. agriculture from bacterial, fungal and viral agents on the h... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on February 23 2009 by Thoughtbot
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