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News on Human Progress:
...Displaying 12501 through 12525 of 19,605 news
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(University of Texas at Austin) Researchers at the University of Texas at Austin have conducted a basic chemistry experiment in what is perhaps the world's smallest test tube, measuring a thousandth the diameter of a human hair.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 15 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Ohio State University) In the quest for smaller, faster computer chips, researchers are increasingly turning to quantum mechanics -- the exotic physics of the small. The problem: the manufacturing techniques required to make quantum devices have been equally exotic. That is, until now.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 15 2009 by Thoughtbot
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TRANSCENDENT MAN will make its west coast festival debut on November 5th at 4:00 p.m. at the American Film Institute's 2009 Film Festival at the Mann Chinese 6 Theatre in Hollywood. The feature-length documentary film by director Barry Ptolemy chronicles the life and controversial ideas of Ray Kurzweil, exploring the social and philosophical implications of the profound changes ahead and the potential threats they pose to human civilization, as w... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 15 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Stanford University researchers have developed a magnetic-detecting nanosensor chip that is up to 1,000 times more sensitive than any technology now in clinical use, can search for up to 64 different proteins simultaneously, and is effective in early detection of tumors in mice, suggesting that it may open the door to significantly earlier detection of even the most elusive cancers in humans, and markers of other diseases. (Source: http://www.... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 15 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Chinese scientista have used metamaterials to create the world's first artificial black hole in their lab, distorting space so severely that light entering it (in this case microwaves) cannot escape.Their black hole consists of 60 layers of printed circuit board arranged in concentric circles and coated in a thin layer of copper from which they etched two types of patterns that either resonate at microwave frequency or do not. (Source: http://w... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 15 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Support for a theory that activity occurring within place cells in the brain's hippocampus is key to how mental maps are made has been provided by an experiment with mice using a VR game. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20427304.900-matrix-for-mice-probes-how-mental-maps-are-made.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 15 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The magnetic equivalent of electricity, dubbed "magnetricity," has been demonstrated experimentally for the first time, led by London Centre for Nanotechnology researchers. Just as the flow of electrons produces electrical current, individual north and south magnetic poles have been observed to roam freely, generating magnetic "current."The result could lead to the development of "magnetronics," including nanoscale computer memory. (Source: http... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 15 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(University of Michigan Health System) Prosthetic hand devices used by wounded soldiers have limited motorcontrol and no sensory feedback. But a bioengineered interface,developed at the University of Michigan and made of muscle cells and anano-sized polymer, could go a long way in creating prostheses that movelike a normal hand. Animal studies show the interface may possiblyrestore a sense of touch.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 14 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Air Force Office of Scientific Research) The Air Force Office of Scientific Research and the National Science Foundation are funding research that may result in a military turbine aircraft that for the first time ever will produce its own electricity from exhaust heat generated from thermo electricity.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 14 2009 by Thoughtbot
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If the diameters of silicon columns are made small enough, under load they yield to pressure and undergo plastic deformation, as a metal would, opening up the way for completely new materials design techniques for mechanical microsystems and in the watch industry, Empa researchers have shown.(Empa) (Source: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/10/091008133455.htm)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 14 2009 by Thoughtbot
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University of Zurich researchers have created holograms of DNA strands using a coherent beam of low energy electrons, making it possible to determine the structure of numerous proteins and other biomolecules that have so far avoided the scrutiny of molecular biologists. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/blog/arxiv/24229/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 13 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Ohio State University) Animals shelter officials housing lost pets that had been implanted with a microchip were able to find the owners in almost three out of four cases in a recently published national study. According to the research, the return-to-owner rate for cats was 20 times higher and for dogs 2.5 times higher for microchipped pets than were the rates of return for all stray cats and dogs that had entered the shelters. 
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 13 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory) Graphene, a single-layer sheet of graphite, has potential as a remarkable material, particularly for electronics and composite applications. Information sharing technologies are being integrated into a freight tracking system that could revolutionize the industry.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 13 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Springer) Springer and the Chinese Academy of Sciences announce the publication of strategic reports planning the next 40 years of progress in science and technology. The first general report will be presented by Prof. Jiaofeng Pan, representative from the CAS together with the Chinese STM publisher Science Press and Springer during a press conference on 14 October 2009 at the Frankfurt Book Fair. All reports are co-published in English by Spring... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 13 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Kansas State University) In an effort to make graphene more useful in electronics applications, Kansas State University engineers made a golden discovery -- gold "snowflakes" on graphene.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 13 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Inderscience Publishers) Writing in a forthcoming issue of the International Journal of Nanotechnology, Canadian engineers suggest that research is needed into the risks associated with the growing field of nanotechnology manufacture so that appropriate protective equipment can be developed urgently.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 13 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Oregon State University) Researchers at Oregon State University and other institutions have developed a new "plasmonic nanorod metamaterial" using extraordinarily tiny rods of gold that will have important applications in medical, biological and chemical sensors.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 13 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Stanford University) Searching for biomarkers that can warn of diseases such as cancer while they are still in their earliest stage is likely to become far easier thanks to an innovative biosensor chip developed by Stanford University researchers.The sensor is up to 1,000 times more sensitive than technology now in clinical use, accurate regardless of which bodily fluid is being analyzed and can detect biomarker proteins over a concentration rang... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 13 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Arizona State University) Recently, at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute, N.J., Tao and collaborators have found a way to make a key electrical component on a phenomenally tiny scale. Their single-molecule diode is described in this week's online edition of Nature Chemistry.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 13 2009 by Thoughtbot
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University of Illinois at Chicago AI scientists were recently awarded a three-year, $500,000 National Science Foundation grant to develop algorithms for use in building commonsense knowledge bases that can evolve.They will consider questions such as how to deal with contradictory information that is entered and how to organize knowledge in formats that are useful for deriving further knowledge. (Source: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 13 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Computer simulation has altered standard practices in science and engineering, but its ubiquity has drawbacks, says MIT scientist Sherry Turkle in a new book, Simulation and its Discontents. (Source: http://www.sciencenews.org/view/generic/id/48151/title/Book_Review__Simulation_and_its_Discontents_by_Sherry_Turkle)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 13 2009 by Thoughtbot
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University of Central Florida astronomers have found the first direct evidence of water ice on the surface of an asteroid, supporting the idea that asteroids could have helped deliver water to the early Earth. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn17970-asteroid-isnt-just-a-dry-heap-of-rubble.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 13 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The study of out-of-body experiences promises to help answer a profound question in neuroscience and philosophy: how does self-consciousness emerge?Out-of-body experiences arise when the temporoparietal junction (TPJ) region of the brain fails (from neurological disorders or brain surgery) to integrate visual and touch signals, balance and spatial information from the inner ear, and the proprioceptive sensations from joints, tendons and muscles th... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 13 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Italian doctors have developed a wirelessly controlled device with camera and moving legs for gastrointestinal examinations. (Source: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/health/healthnews/6300636/Spider-pill-offers-new-way-to-scan-for-diseases-including-colon-cancer.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 13 2009 by Thoughtbot
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New IBM research suggests that graphene sheets could be used to make ultrafast photodetectors for future optical communications networks with data rates beyond 40 gigabits per second (vs. the current 10 gigabits per second), for optical computers, and as a better detector for terahertz radiation, which has shown promise for medical and security imaging. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/computing/23666/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 13 2009 by Thoughtbot
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