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News on Human Progress:
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"Logicomix," a comic book about the quest for logical certainty in mathematics, is populated by Bertrand Russell and other superheroes of philosophy. (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/27/books/review/Holt-t.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Advances in technology, genetics, brain science and biology are making the goal of restoring sight more feasible. The approaches include gene therapy, which has produced improved vision in people who are blind from one rare congenital disease, stem cells, light-responding protein, retinal transplants, and implanted electrodes to stimulate visual areas. (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/27/health/research/27eye.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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ABC TV's new FlashForward drama/mystery series could be one of the first major network dramas to understand the potential of social media. (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/external/gigaom/2009/09/25/25gigaom-abcs-flashforward-goes-crazy-with-online-content-91042.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Georgia Institute of Technology computer scientists have developed a system that can enhance Google Earth with real-time video from traffic and surveillance cameras, sports scenes, pedestrians, and weather sensors, using a combination of computer vision, graphics and machine learning to populate virtual towns with cars, animated people, and realistic skies.Possible enhancements include video and photos from cellphone cameras and temperature and hu... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Technion-Israel Institute of Technology researchers have designed a blueprint for a "photonic machine gun" that could fire out 12 qubits on demand. It uses a quantum dot (nanoscale crystal within a semiconducting device) chilled to a low temperature. When a short, strong pulse of light hits the dot, one of the electrons inside is raised to an excited state. As it "relaxes" back to its resting energy state it throws out a photon. (Source: http://... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(American Physical Society) Working toward ever lower temperatures is only part of the battle for physicists studying ultra-cold systems of atoms. A group of researchers has now found a way to deal with disorder as well, as they pump entropy away from an atomic gas.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on September 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(University of Alabama at Birmingham) The National Science Foundation has awarded $431,200 to the University of Alabama at Birmingham Department of Physics to facilitate the purchase of a new highly-specialized imaging system -- the first of its kind in Alabama -- that will be a centerpiece of a new interdisciplinary research laboratory on campus.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on September 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Durham University) Decision-making on science - especially emerging technologies such as nanotechnology -- must become more democratic, a new report on science policy released today argues. The group of leading European academics behind the "Reconfiguring Responsibility" report argue forcefully that current governance activities are limiting public debate and may repeat mistakes made in managing GM.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on September 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Batteries made of paper may power electronics in the future, researchers say. One experimental paper-based battery has been created by coating a conductive polymer, polypyrrole (PPy), on individual cellulose fibers, which in turn can be molded into paper sheets of exceptionally high internal porosity separated by ordinary filter paper soaked with sodium chloride, serving as the electrolyte.The battery recharged faster than conventional rechargeabl... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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By carefully observing and analyzing the pattern of activity in the brain, researchers have found that they can tell what number a person has just seen, or how many dots a person has been presented with.These findings confirm the notion that numbers are encoded in the brain via detailed and specific activity patterns. (Source: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/09/090924123306.htm)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Intel has announced plans to ship in 2010 an optical cable called Light Peak that will be able to transmit 10 gigabits of data per second between electronic devices such as a laptop and external hard drive. (Intel)A single Light Peak cable will also be capable of transporting different types of data simultaneously, meaning it will be possible to back up a hard drive, transfer high-definition video, and connect to a network with just one line.Futur... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Researchers are developing genetically engineered microbial sources of biofuels that do not rely on food sources or agricultural land, unlike ethanol made from corn or sugarcane. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/biomedicine/23526/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The experimental new U3-X from Honda, a spinoff of the company's ASIMO robot research, can go forward, backward, side-to-side and diagonally, all controlled with a simple lean. (Source: http://www.engadget.com/2009/09/24/hondas-u3-x-personal-mobility-device-is-the-segway-of-unicycles/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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University of Washington researchers are developing optoelectronic systems embedded in a contact lens to create Terminator-like augmented-reality displays and for noninvasive monitoring of the wearer's biomarkers (such as glucose levels) and other health indicators on the surface of the eye. One lens prototype [top] has several interconnects, single-crystal silicon components, and embedded compound-semiconductor components; another [bottom] conta... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Telepresence will become a significant feature of the US $1.16 billion personal robotics market, says NextGen Research. Applications include remote security and surveillance robots, monitoring by health-care professionals of elderly people taking medication at home, telecommuting, teleoperated robotic servants, remote medical diagnosis and doctor training, and remote control of robots via a brain/computer interface. (Source: http://spectrum.iee... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(University of Toronto) A nanomedicine research group led by a University of Toronto chemist has received a $5-million grant from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, giving them the green light to develop faster ways of detecting leukemia and lung cancer cells.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on September 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(University of Michigan Health System) University of Michigan nanotechnology scientists have developed a combination drug that promises a safer, more precise way for medics and fellow soldiers in battle to give a fallen soldier both morphine and a drug that limits morphine's dangerous side effects. The scientists will devise ultra-small polymer particles capable of carrying the drugs into the body.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on September 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(North Carolina State University) Researchers from North Carolina State University have learned how to consistently create hollow, solid and amorphous nanoparticles of nickel phosphide, which has potential uses in the development of solar cells and as catalysts for removing sulfur from fuel. Their work can now serve as a "how-to" guide for other researchers to controllably create hollow, solid and amorphous nanoparticles -- in order to determine w... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on September 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A new University College London study using behavioral and neuroimaging techniques has found that a functionally coupled circuit involving the hippocampus and ventromedial prefrontal cortex underpins the emergence of conceptual knowledge. (Source: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/09/090923121443.htm)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Sidewiki, a new Google Toolbar for Firefox and Internet Explorer, allows users to publicly annotate any page on the web, and could become a universal commenting system.Google could use sentiment analysis to see users' reactions to a page and then influence search results accordingly. (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/external/readwriteweb/2009/09/23/23readwriteweb-annotate-the-web-google-launches-sidewiki-27381.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Research by Indiana University's Karl MacDorman into human photorealism in robots, androids and computer-generated characters is calling into question the "uncanny valley" premise that a computer-generated face looks the eeriest when it looks nearly human. (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news172854181.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A new experiment challenges a 1983 experiment that found that volunteers' movements were preceded by a "readiness potential," suggesting that unconscious neural processes determine our actions before we are ever aware of making a decision. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn17835-free-will-is-not-an-illusion-after-all.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A US National Research Council panel plans to recommend a strategy to better address the threat from near-Earth objects by year's end. That study, along with an Air Force report on an asteroid impact exercise, is intended to help the White House develop an official policy on the near-Earth object hazard by October 2010. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20327271.300-asteroid-attack-putting-earths-defences-to-the-test.html?page=1)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Sequencing a human genome has become routine enough to generate medically useful information, says Paul Flicek, a bioinformaticist with the European Bioinformatics Institute.In a few cases, scientists have already been able to find the genetic cause of a disorder by sequencing an affected person's genome or by identifying differences in tumor vs. normal tissue. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/biomedicine/23522/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Scientists from MIT and other organizations have developed a new prototype of a less invasive retinal prosthesis to be implanted behind the retina to take over the function of lost retinal cells by electrically stimulating retinal neurons. (Shawn Kelly)A camera mounted on a pair of glasses sends images to a microchip attached to the eyeball. The glasses also contain a coil that wirelessly transmits power to receiving coils surrounding the eyeball.... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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