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News on Human Progress:
...Displaying 12501 through 12525 of 18,324 news
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(National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)) A research team from NIST and the University of Colorado has shown how to detect and monitor the tiny amount of light reflected directly off the needle point of an atomic force microscope probe, and in so doing has demonstrated a 100-fold improvement in the stability of the instrument's measurements under ambient conditions, work that potentially affects a broad range of research from nanoman... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on March 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory) Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have developed a method for coating metal surfaces with an ultrathin film containing nanoparticles -- particles measuring billionths of a meter -- which renders the metal resistant to corrosion and eliminates the use of toxic chromium for this purpose.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on March 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Stable biocompatible gold nanorods that deliver short RNA molecules in the brain to "silence" or turn off DARPP-32, a gene that plays a critical role in many kinds of drug addiction, have been developed by University at Buffalo researchers. (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news157053913.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Google has given its Web search engine an injection of semantic technology to identify associations and concepts related to a query, improving the list of related search terms Google displays along with its results, instead of simply analyzing keywords without understanding their meaning."For example, if you search for 'principles of physics,' our algorithms understand that 'angular momentum,' 'special relativity,' 'big bang' and 'quantum mechanic... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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President Obama announced Monday that additional money would be provided for research in renewable energy in areas such as wind, solar, biofuels and hydrogen. The funding is in addition to tax credits and spending approved in the recently passed economic stimulus package. (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news157120786.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Researchers at Penn State and the Sigma-Aldrich company have found a way to control geometry and stability in making a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of molecules on a surface by making SAMs out of different carboranethiol isomers, which are cage-like molecules.These SAMs can selectively capture biomolecules from complex mixtures, for example. (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news157135442.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Men and women who eat higher amounts of red meat and processed meat have a higher risk of dying from cancer, heart disease, and other causes compared to those who eat less, according to a new ten-year study by University of North Carolina School of Public Health supported by the National Cancer Institute.Possible reasons: The meats are a source of carcinogens formed during cooking. The iron in red meat may increase oxidative cell damage, leading t... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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An international team of scientists in Europe has created a silicon chip designed to function like a human brain, with 200,000 "neurons" linked up by 50 million "synaptic connections."(Karlheinz Meier)A neuron circuit typically consists of about 100 components, while a synapse requires only about 20; they can operate in parallel and about 100,000 times faster than a real human brain. The hope of the Fast Analog Computing with Emergent Transient St... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Microsoft and NASA plan to make planetary images and data -- including high-resolution scientific images and data from Mars and the moon --explorable on Microsoft's online virtual WorldWide Telescope.The WorldWide Telescope assembles imagery from ground- and space-based telescopes for a seamless, rich media-guided exploration of the universe. (Source: http://news.cnet.com/8301-17939_109-10203360-2.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Wallpaper with changing designs, bulbless lamps that shed light from their shades, and scrolls that unroll to become flexible full-color displays are a few of the new devices the approaching era of printed electronics could bring. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn16831-innovation-a-licence-to-print-gadgets.html?DCMP=OTC-rss&nhttp://www.newscientist.com/article/dn16831-innovation-a-licence-to-print-gadgets.html?DCMP=OTC-rss&nsref=on... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The normal mechanisms people use to evaluate risk and reward are not being used when you have an expert telling you what to do, Gregory Berns, a neuroeconomist at Emory University, and his team found in brain imaging studies. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn16826-brain-quirk-could-help-explain-financial-crisis.html?DCMP=OTC-rss&nsref=online-news)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) With a splash of UV light, titanium dioxide can break down contaminants for environmental cleanup or split water for hydrogen fuel production. Researchers would like to expand titanium dioxide's repertoire to use visible light. PNNL's Michael Henderson will talk about the importance of the form titanium dioxide takes in accomplishing this.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on March 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Virginia Commonwealth University) A team of scientists from Virginia Commonwealth University, the University of Uppsala in Sweden, and the Savannah River National Laboratory have identified that carbon nanostructures can be used as catalysts to store and release hydrogen, a finding that may point researchers toward developing the right material for hydrogen storage for use in cars.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on March 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(University at Buffalo) A precise, new nanotechnology treatment for drug addiction may be on the horizon as the result of research conducted at the University at Buffalo.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on March 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A distinct electric signature in the brain that predicts that an error is about to be made has been found by UC Davis and Donders Institute neuroscientists by analyzing recorded magnetoencephalographic (MEG) brain activity.(Donders Institute)About a second before errors were committed, alpha wave activity was about 25 percent stronger in the back of the head (the occipital region), and in the middle region, the sensorimotor cortex, there was a cor... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Myelin (the fatty layer of insulation coating neural wiring in the brain) plays a critical role in determining intelligence, and is largely genetically determined, a team headed by UCLA neuroscientists has found. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/biomedicine/22333/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Fujitsu is shipping an LCD-based electronic reader called FLEPia in Japan next month that displays vivid color, a first in the industry.(Fujitsu) (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/computing/22332/?a=f)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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In a highly convincing illusion of switching bodies, researchers got two people to stand facing one another, one wearing a pair of head-mounted video cameras and the other wearing goggles with the images from the cameras projected inside. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20127002.900-body-illusions-body-swap.html?DCMP=OTC-rss&nsref=online-news)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Researchers at the Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command (SPAWAR) claiming to have made a "significant" discovery: the "tracks" left behind by high-energy neutrons, which, they suggest, emerge from the fusion of a deuterium and tritium atom -- the controversial "cold fusion." (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn16820-roomtemperature-fusion-in-from-the-cold.html?DCMP=OTC-rss&nsref=online-news)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Ben Goertzel's comprehensive report on the recent Second Conference on Artificial General Intelligence, aimed at "the creation of thinking machines with general intelligence at the human level and ultimately beyond," has been published. - Keynoter Juergen Schmidhuber projects a date for the Singularity of 2040, compared to Ray Kurzweil's 2045 (not 2047 as stated in the article).- The winner of the Kurzweil Best AGI Paper Award was titled "Combini... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) New research findings at MIT could lead to microchips that operate at much higher speeds than is possible with today's standard silicon chips, leading to cell phones and other communications systems that can transmit data much faster.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on March 23 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics) The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) and the American Society for Composites (ASC) congratulate the winners of the inaugural AIAA-ASC James H. Starnes, Jr. Award, Raphael T. Haftka, Distinguished Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of Florida, and C. T. (Chin-Teh) Sun, Neil A. Armstrong Distinguished Professor of Aeronautical and Astronaut... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on March 23 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Hollow gold nanospheres developed by researchers at the University of California, Santa Cruz can target tumors for photothermal cancer therapy.What makes this structure special is the combination of the spherical shape, the small size, and the strong absorption in visible and near infrared light. (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news156950496.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 23 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Humans can make huge changes to ecosystems faster than the standard methods of data collection can keep up, but by trawling scientific list-serves, websites, and local news sources, ecologists think they can use human beings as sensors by mining their communications.Much of the pioneering work in this type of Internet surveillance has come in the public health field, tracking disease. (Source: http://blog.wired.com/wiredscience/2009/03/ecodatami... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 23 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A new technology called heat-assisted magnetic recording -- blasting the magnetic regions of a disk with heat to make them more stable -- should make it possible to record data at densities 50 times greater than will be possible when today's technologies reach their limits. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/computing/22329/?a=f)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on March 23 2009 by Thoughtbot
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