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In ID: the Quest for Meaning in the 21st Century, Susan Greenfield, Professor of Pharmacology at Oxford, describes a startling range of neurological possibilities: devices enabling paraplegics to activate prosthetic limbs by thought alone, and marrying brain cells with silicon chips. Further in the future, she envisages reverse cochlear implants that can not only turn sound into brain waves but also the reverse. Fitted with tiny radios, these open... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on November 05 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Peter Diamandis, CEO of the X Prize Foundation, wants to use our competitive instincts to make the world a better place--his latest: a heath care prize. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn18113)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on November 05 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(McMaster University) Engineering researchers at McMaster University have fabricated a palm-sized, automated, micro-injector that can insert proteins, DNA and other biomolecules into individual cells at volumes exponentially higher than current procedures, and at a fraction of the cost. This will allow scientists to vastly increase preclinical trials for drug development and genetic engineering, and provide greater control of the process.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on November 04 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Captchas, the scrambled images used to separate humans from software bots online, could become harder for bots to solve and easier for humans to handle by animating them, says computer scientist Niloy Mitra at the Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, who along with colleagues has devised a system that should separate the bots from the humans. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn18078-animated-inkblot-images-keep-unwanted-bots-at-bay.... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on November 04 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore) Marking a significant bench to bedside research milestone in Singapore, the Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, world's first bioengineering and nanotechnology research institute, and National University Hospital launched IBN iCare and the NUH Eye Centre @ Biopolis Nov. 3, 2009.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on November 03 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Max-Planck-Gesellschaft) By building a tiny microscope small enough to be carried around on a rat's head, scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics in Tübingen, Germany, have found a way to study the complex activity of many brain cells simultaneously while animals are free to move around. With this new technology scientists can actually see how the brain cells operate while the animal is behaving naturally, giving rise t... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on November 03 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A new 648-megapixel panoramic image of the full night sky, melded together from 3,000 individual photographs with mathematical models, shows stars 1,000 times fainter than the human eye can see, as well as hundreds of galaxies, star clusters and nebulae. (Axel Mellinger of Central Michigan University) (Source: http://www.space.com/scienceastronomy/091030-milky-way-panorama.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on November 03 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The four-day TEDMED conference last week introduced eye-opening medical and health innovations. Coverage has included medGadget (Day 1, Day 2, Day 3, Day 4), Scientific Amarican, Huffington Post, and Twitter. (Source: )
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on November 03 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Patrick McGuire, a University of Chicago geoscientist, has developed algorithms that can recognize signs of life in a barren landscape, using a Hopfield neural network, which compares incoming data against patterns it's seen before, picking out those details that qualify as new or unusual. (Source: http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2009/11/cyborg-astrobiologist/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on November 03 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Rice University scientists have unveiled a method for high-throughput industrial-scale processing of carbon-nanotube fibers, using chlorosulfonic acid as a solvent. The process that could lead to revolutionary advances in materials science, power distribution and nanoelectronics. (Source: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/11/091102172024.htm)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on November 03 2009 by Thoughtbot
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University of Pennsylvania researchers have developed a theoretical model that provides quantitative predictions for the speed of evolution on various "fitness landscapes," the dynamic and varied conditions under which bacteria, viruses and even humans adapt.A major conclusion of the work is that for some organisms, possibly including humans, continued evolution will not translate into ever-increasing fitness. (Source: http://www.sciencedaily.co... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on November 03 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Washington University researchers are putting drugs inside "nanocages" (gold cubes with sides about 50 nanometers long and holes at each corner), using with near-infrared light to heat and unseal them and let the drugs out.The nanocages can also be made to bind with tumors. (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/03/science/03obcage.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on November 03 2009 by Thoughtbot
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By building thin, flexible silicon electronics on silk substrates, researchers have made implantable electronics that almost completely dissolve inside the body.University of Pennsylvania researchers are developing silk-silicon LEDs that might act as photonic tattoos that can show blood-sugar readings, and arrays of conformable electrodes that might interface with the nervous system.The electrodes might be wrapped around individual peripheral nerv... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on November 03 2009 by Thoughtbot
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University of North Carolina researchers have developed a system to make teleconferencing more realistic by projecting video images of remote participants onto a 3D dummy model of their head. The system could also be useful by doctors and patients for remote doctor visits, and as a "prosthetic presence" for patients unable to leave their home. Video (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn18084-themepark-dummy-trick-becomes-teleconference... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on November 03 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Stevens Institute of Technology) The International Council on Systems Engineering and the Institute for Electrical and Electronic Engineers North Jersey Chapter and Graduates of the Last Decade will be hosting an event at Stevens Institute of Technology, "Engineering Careers for the Next Generation," Nov. 18.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on November 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(University of Delaware) The University of Delaware has won a $4.4 million grant from the US Department of Energy's Advanced Research Projects Agency to lead a multidisciplinary, multi-institutional research project to develop the next generation of high-performance permanent magnets.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on November 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Georgia Institute of Technology Research News) Converting sunlight to electricity might no longer mean large panels of photovoltaic cells atop flat surfaces like roofs.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on November 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Rice University) Rice University scientists today unveiled a method for the industrial-scale manufacturing of pure carbon-nanotube fibers, a breakthrough that could lead to revolutionary advances in materials science, power distribution and nanoelectronics. The method builds upon tried-and-true processes the chemical industry has used for decades to produce polymer fibers. Findings from Rice's methodical, nine-year program are detailed in this we... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on November 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(North Carolina State University) Tiny, engineered nanomaterials can already be found in many consumer products, and have been hailed as having widespread future uses in areas ranging from medicine to industrial processes. However, little is known about what happens if these nanomaterials get into your body -- where do they go? NC State researchers are working to answer that question under a grant from the National Institutes of Health.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on November 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(CSIRO Australia) CSIRO has signed a five-year, $25m strategic research alliance agreement with one of Australia's leading public companies -- Orica Ltd.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on November 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(American Physical Society) Physicists at Zhejiang University in China and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has developed a new metamaterial structure that successfully demonstrates reverse Cerenkov radiation.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on November 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Stanford engineers are developing the first autonomous racing car to climb Pikes Peak, a challenging 12.4-mile ascent in the Rocky Mountains, at 130 mph, as a way to create and test safety systems they hope one day will be used in all vehicles. (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news176354395.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on November 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Duke University bioengineers have developed a simple, inexpensive method for loading cancer drug payloads into nanoscale delivery vehicles and demonstrated in animal models that this delivery system can eliminate tumors after a single treatment.The system uses an E. coli bacterium that have been genetically altered to produce a chimeric polypeptide. When that molecule combines with a drug in a container, they self-assemble into a water-soluble na... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on November 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists have found that nonlinear resonant effects allow terahertz (THz) waves to unzip double-stranded DNA, creating bubbles in the double strand that could significantly interfere with processes such as gene expression and DNA replication.THz scanners are beginning to be installed in airports and hospitals. Reference: DNA Breathing Dynamics in the Presence of a Terahertz Field (Source: http://www.technologyrev... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on November 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A muscle-sensing system that can remotely control devices such as games and multi-touch surfaces has been developed by researchers at Microsoft, the University of Washington, and the University of Toronto.They system uses electromyography (EMG) sensors to detect muscle signals from the arm skin's surface, allowing researchers to build a gesture recognition library. (Source: http://www.livescience.com/technology/091029-ttr-muscle-sensing.html)... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on November 02 2009 by Thoughtbot
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