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Techniques for making consistently smooth, high-performance organic films (so they can conduct electrons better), with the ability to carry an electrical charge higher by two orders of magnitude than existing films, has been developed by Zhenan Bao, associate professor of chemistry at Stanford University. The trick: creating an underlying layer by spin-coating a self-assembling film of a polymer made up of the insulator silane trailed by a long hy... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on May 26 2009 by Thoughtbot
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An EEG-based sytetem to help doctors diagnose attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) more objectively and speed up treatment decisions for stroke patients is being developed by ElMindA, a startup based in Israel.Because the ElMindA system is portable, it's more practical for daily use than magnetic resonance imaging, which requires a huge magnet and can only be performed in medical centers. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/biome... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on May 26 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The thermodynamics of heat balance does not restrict brain size, which could be heavier than 5 kg, leaving plenty of growing room for humans, which have brains of only 1.5 kilograms on average, calculates Jan Karbowski at the Sloan-Swartz Center for Theoretical Neurobiology at the California Institute of Technology. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/blog/arxiv/23570/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on May 26 2009 by Thoughtbot
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On Friday, the $3.5 billion National Ignition Facility will fire up its 192 lasers, designed to eventually achieve fusion energy. (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/05/26/science/26fusi.html?partner=rss&emc=rss&pagewanted=all)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on May 26 2009 by Thoughtbot
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AI experts including Reid Simmons of the Robotics Institute at Carnegie Mellon University and Ray Kurzweil say the post-apocalyptic "Terminator Salvation" scenario is unlikely. "Kurzweil believes the technical advancement of the next few decades will herald a literal rewiring of the human brain. Given the shrinking costs of nanotechnology, it's a matter of time before humans can turn themselves into supercomputers." (Source: http://www.nydailyne... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on May 26 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Nanoporous carbon modified by increasing its surface area and by doping is a promising hydrogen storage candidate, University of Missouri researchers have found. Nanoporous carbon can reversibly store hydrogen, it's easy to load with hydrogen, it's cheap and lightweight, and doesn't have heat-management issues. (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news162195986.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on May 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Plant scientist Marcos Buckeridge says Brazil can produce sustainable biofuel while preserving its rainforests."Brazil's sugar cane ethanol is different from America's maize ethanol," he said. "Our bioethanol is produced by using less than 1 per cent of Brazil's total agricultural area. It does not destroy preserved areas or compete for land with food crops." (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20227091.100-growing-biofuel-without-raz... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on May 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Scientists have recently developed better ways to make nanoparticles self-assemble, using magnetic forces, DNA to herd nanoparticles into exact conformations, and making nanoparticles spread themselves into a thin layer over a surface, changing the properties of the material beneath. (Source: http://www.sciencenews.org/view/feature/id/43996/title/Nanomakers_Toolkit)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on May 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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H+ asked David Brin, Ben Goertzel, J. Storrs Hall, Vernor Vinge, and others: "Is a Terminator-like scenario possible? And if so, how likely is it?" (Source: http://www.hplusmagazine.com/articles/ai/poll-terminator-scenario-possible)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on May 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Study participants who drank for a week from polycarbonate bottles -- the popular, hard-plastic drinking bottles and baby bottles -- showed a two-thirds increase in their urine of the chemical bisphenol A (BPA), Harvard School of Public Health researchers have found.Heating has been shown to increase the leaching of BPA from polycarbonate, so BPA levels might have been higher had participants drunk hot liquids from the bottles. Exposure to BPA, us... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on May 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)) By combining the best of two different distance measurement approaches with a super-accurate technology called an optical frequency comb, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology have built a laser ranging system that can pinpoint multiple objects with nanometer precision over distances up to 100 km.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on May 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Terminator Salvation, The Singularity is Near, Singularity University, Transcendent Man film, Vernor Vinge, Ray Kurzweil, Moore's Law, Bill Joy, global war, the future of AI, raised eyebrows... (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/05/24/weekinreview/24markoff.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on May 23 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(University of California - Riverside) Yadong Yin, an assistant professor of chemistry at the University of California, Riverside, has been named a Cottrell Scholar -- an honor that carries with it an award of $100,000 to further his research and teaching. The award is given by the Research Corporation for Science Advancement. Yin is one of only 10 Cottrell Scholars named this year. He received the award for his proposal titled "Self-Assembly of ... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on May 22 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) Berkeley Lab researchers have demonstrated that electric fields can be used as ON/OFF switches in multiferroic materials, a development that holds promise for future magnetic data storage and spintronic devices.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on May 22 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Office of Naval Research) Nobel laureate's ground-breaking research in laser cooling and trapping of atoms underscores the success of ONR's Naval S&T Strategy and the vital importance of a long-term approach to developing future S&T based upon solid fundamental research.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on May 22 2009 by Thoughtbot
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West Virginia University physicists have introduced the idea of a Rotating Space Elevator (RSE), a rotating system based on a floppy string that forms an ellipse-like shape.It would theoretically use energy from both geosynchronous rotation around Earth and the internal rotation of the string system around the axis perpendicular to the Earth to raise objects. (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news162112945.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on May 22 2009 by Thoughtbot
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SANYO Electric has broken its own record for the world's highest energy conversion efficiency in practical size (100 cm2 or more) crystalline silicon-type solar cells, achieving a efficiency of 23.0% (until now 22.3%) at a research level for its proprietary HIT solar photovoltaic cells. (Source: http://www.azonano.com/news.asp?newsID=11643)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on May 22 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Eyenovations has developed contact lenses that can deliver drugs to the eye for a month or more, using a hydrogel lens with a polymer film inside that contains the medication. Uses include delivery of medicine without relying on frequent eyedrops for patients with glaucoma and for delivering antibiotics following eye surgery. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/biomedicine/22680/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on May 22 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A Cambridge University study of 33,000 people found getting blood sugar levels closer to the level for healthy people -- 4% to 5% -- could cut the risk of heart attacks by 17%.The current recommended level in the UK is 7%. (Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/8060215.stm)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on May 22 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Wings that redirect air sideways back and forth over the wings could cut airline fuel bills by 20%, according to research funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and Airbus in the UK. (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news162131922.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on May 22 2009 by Thoughtbot
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SheevaPlug, a tiny plastic "plug computer" that you plug into an electric outlet, includes a 1.2 Ghz application processor running Linux with 512 megabytes of RAM and 512 megabytes of flash storage, and USB and Gigabit Ethernet sockets. By adding peripherals and software, it can become a network server, security camera to the Internet, video stream storage device, and serve other functions. Price is %99; it may be available for under $40 in two ye... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on May 22 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Researchers from Princeton University and Indiana University have found that "junk" DNA may actually perform essential functions.Genes called transposons in the single-celled pond-dwelling organism Oxytricha produce cell proteins known as transposases, which influence hundreds of thousands of DNA pieces to regroup. Organisms with these genes removed failed to develop properly. Source: Princeton University news (Source: )
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on May 22 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Department of Energy Bioenergy Research Centers have been charged to develop the next generation of biofuels to supply sources of energy to the grid from non-food, cellulosic, parts of plants.Researchers are especially looking at lignocellulosic biomass (such as wood), and also at microbes to make energy-rich fatty acids for the synthesis of cell membranes and energy storage compounds for use in producing appropriate biomass.Source: American Socie... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on May 22 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Injecting the hearts of angina sufferers with cells extracted from their own bone marrow can reverse the condition and relieve its symptoms, a new study led by Douwe Atsma, a cardiologist at Leiden University Medical Center, suggests.Patient's left ventricle before treatment (on the left) and after (on the right); top: after exercise; bottom: at rest. Increased blood flow is indicated by more orange. (Leiden University Medical Center) (Source: h... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on May 22 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Steven Spielberg has suggested that game consoles will one day be replaced by in-home virtual reality entertainment. (Source: http://www.reghardware.co.uk/2009/05/21/spielberg_vr/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on May 21 2009 by Thoughtbot
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