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(Rice University) A dozen laboratories in the Texas Medical Center, including four from Rice University, have won a $3 million Grand Opportunity grant from the National Institutes of Health to conduct a systematic survey of how different sizes and types of nanoparticles behave inside living cells. The two-year project, which is funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, could speed the development of nanomedicine.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on December 10 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Intensive instruction to improve reading skills in young children causes the brain to physically rewire itself, creating new white matter that improves communication within the brain, Carnegie Mellon University scientists have discovered, with implications for treating reading disabilities and other developmental disorders, including autism. (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news179584529.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 10 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The Responsive Neurostimulator, a brain implant designed by Neuropace to detect and block the onset of seizures, can significantly reduce their frequency in people with difficult-to-treat epilepsy.The device, which consists of a neurostimulator that's smaller than a deck of cards, a battery, and a small computer, continuously monitors electrical activity. It's surgically implanted into a hollowed out part of the skull, along with a set of electric... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 10 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The first multilayer carbon nanotube three-dimensionally integrated circuit and a new method of rooting out short circuits in nanotubes have been developed by Stanford University engineers. (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news179596676.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 10 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The average American consumes 34 gigabytes of content and 100,000 words of information in a single day (excluding work information) -- 11.8 hours of information -- according to a report by the University of California, San Diego.U.S. information consumption in 2008 totaled 3.6 zettabytes (10^21 bytes) and 10,845 trillion words.Video sources dominate bytes of information, with 1.3 zettabytes from television and approximately 2 zettabytes of comput... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 10 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(University of California - Los Angeles) Currently chip manufacturers are facing great challenges in miniaturizing transistors, a semiconductor device commonly used to amplify or switch electronic signals. A recent study, published in the November 27 issue of Science, details how a team of researchers from UCLA, Purdue and IBM have successfully grown semiconducting nanowires made of silicon-germanium that could lead to a new generation of smaller,... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on December 09 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The Winter 2009 Issue of h+ Magazine, just out, includes The Ray Kurzweil Interview, CAPRICA: Birth of the Cylons, DIY Transhumanism, Nano-Bio-Info-Cogno: Paradigm for the Future, and The Chinese Singularity ("Chinese culture has little of the West's subliminal resistanc to thinking machines or immortal people and this cultural difference may manifest itself in the next decades in subtle ways."). (Source: )
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 09 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Bacteria under stress collectively weigh and initiate different survival strategies, providing insights for economists and political scientists applying mathematical models to describe complex human decision making, University of California, San Diego snd Tel Aviv University researchers have found. (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news179521562.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 09 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Crowdsourcing a map of the world and letting anybody edit it (via OpenStreetMap's database) is now more feasible, thanks to some new user-friendly phone apps. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn18249-innovation-making-a-map-for-everyone-by-everyone.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 09 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The physics blogs are abuzz with rumors that a particle of dark matter* has finally been found in the Cryogenic Dark Matter Search experiment. * Dark matter is hypothetical matter that is thought to make up 23 per cent of the mass density of the universe. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/blogs/shortsharpscience/2009/12/rumours-that-first-dark-matter.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 09 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(University of Rochester) University of Rochester optics professor Chunlei Guo made headlines in the past couple of years when he changed the color of everyday metals by scouring their surfaces with precise, high-intensity laser bursts. A recent discovery in Guo's lab has shown that, beyond the aesthetic opportunities in his find lie some very powerful potential uses, like diagnosing some diseases with unprecedented ease and precision.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on December 08 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A new "crystallising block universe" model that combines relativity and quantum mechanics suggests that the past crystallises out of the future, in the instant we call the present. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/blog/arxiv/24497/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 08 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Experimental software developed by Harris Corporation could help make robots less clumsy and dangerous, by allowing a factory robot to sense and avoid objects while still moving quickly.Video (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/blog/editors/24482/?a=f)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 08 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Very large RNA structures within previously unstudied bacteria that appear crucial to basic biological functions such as helping viruses infect cells or allowing genes to "jump" to different parts of the chromosome have been found by Yale University researchers.One of the newly discovered RNAs, called GOLLD, is the third largest and most complex RNA discovered to date, and appears to be used by viruses that infect bacteria. Another large RNA revea... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 08 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Researchers at the University of California at San Diego have identified a new molecular target for influenza drugs and have also found drugs already approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration that just might perfectly hit the target (neuraminidase, one of two major proteins present on the surface of the influenza virust that allows newly replicated viruses to be released into their host). (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/biomedi... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 08 2009 by Thoughtbot
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University of Twente and FOM Foundation researchers have succeeded in transferring magnetic information directly into a semiconductor at room temperature via a layer of aluminum oxide less than one namometer thick, bringing spintronics* within reach.The main advantage of spintronics technology is reduced heat and power consumption in chips. * Unlike conventional electronics, which employs the charge of the electron and its transport, spintronics e... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 08 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Amazon is developing extra large fonts for the Kindle, along with an audio-based menu navigation system that will help visually impaired users reach the Kindle's integrated read-aloud feature. (Source: http://www.thetechherald.com/article.php/200950/4912/Amazon-developing-Kindle-tools-to-aid-the-blind)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 08 2009 by Thoughtbot
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DARPA has awarded $9.9 million to the Texas A&M Institute for Preclinical Studies (TIPS), to develop treatments that can extend a "golden period" when injured war fighters have the best chance of coming back from massive blood loss. (Source: http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2009/12/pentagon-zombie-pigs-first-then-hibernating-gis/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 08 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The Campbell's monkey of Tai Forest, Ivory Coast appear to exhibit the most complex example of "proto-syntax" in animal communication known to date, say researchers writing in The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.The monkeys can both vary the meaning of specific calls by adding suffixes and combine calls to generate a different meaning. (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/08/science/08monkey.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 08 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Google is deepening its commitment to new modes of search: by voice, location, and sight. Google on Monday announced: 1) the inclusion of real-time information in Google search results; 2) Google Goggles, an experimental image recognition system for Android 1.6+ devices by which users can submit search queries using snapshots of certain objects; 3) a "What's Nearby?" location-based search capability in Google Maps for mobile (version 3.3); 4) Japa... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 08 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Four and a half decades after the first research in artificial intelligence, much of the original optimism is back, driven by rapid progress in AI technologies, and that sense was tangible last month when more than 200 of the original Stanford Artificial Intelligence Laboratory scientists assembled at Stanford for a two-day reunion. (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/08/science/08sail.html?ref=science)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 08 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The iPhone may be the first instrument that millions of people will carry in their pockets, democratizing the process of making music, so that anyone with a cellphone could become a musician, says Ge Wang, conductor of the Stanford Mobile Phone Orchestra. (Source: tp://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/05/technology/05orchestra.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 08 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Brain-injured mice fed branched-chain amino acids (found in protein-rich food) performed better than the control group on a learning task, University of Pennsylvania researchers found. They are hoping to start human trials of amino acid-based treatments soon. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn18244-eat-protein-to-heal-a-damaged-brain.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 08 2009 by Thoughtbot
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An "ad morphing" system that serves up banner ads that fit a website user's personality type has been developed by MIT Sloan School of Management researchers. It uses a program called the Bayesian Inference Engine running unobtrusively on a user's computer to monitor the person's click patterns to determine how they respond to different textual and visual cues. This is then used to categorize the user's cognitive style and deliver the appropriate ... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on December 08 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Stanford University) Dip an ordinary piece of paper into ink infused with carbon nanotubes and silver nanowires, and it turns into a battery or supercapacitor. Crumple the piece of paper, and it still works. Stanford researcher Yi Cui sees many uses for this new way of storing electricity.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on December 07 2009 by Thoughtbot
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