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News on Human Progress:
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Silicon Valley researchers at Digital Space plan to turn software originally designed to search for evidence of extraterrestrial life to the task of looking for evidence of artificial life, using hundreds of thousands of Internet-connected computers in homes and offices.A concept view of an artificial protocell forming in the EvoGrid (Ryan Norkus/DigitalSpace)The goal of the "EvoGrid" project is to detect evidence of self-organizing behavior in co... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 29 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The hippocampus creates and stores concepts and passes this information onto the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, where it is put to use while making decisions, Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging researchers have found from experiments using fMRI scanning. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn17862-concepts-are-born-in-the-hippocampus.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 29 2009 by Thoughtbot
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University of Oxford researchers have built a computer model of the locust's wing motion using the flow of smoke particles over its wings in a wind tunnel. It could be the key to perfecting robotic insects. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20327275.600-locust-flight-simulator-helps-robot-insects-evolve.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 29 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(US Pharmacopeia) Counterfeit and adulterated food and drugs and advances in measurement science used to detect them emerged as key themes of the Annual Scientific Meeting hosted by the US Pharmacopeial Convention. Held in Toronto, Canada, more than 300 people from 26 countries attended, making this a truly multinational event. Experts from all countries need to grapple with the worldwide proliferation of fakes -- notably manifest in drugs sold ov... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on September 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center) Using an RNA-powered nanomotor, University of Cincinnati biomedical engineering researchers have successfully developed an artificial pore able to transmit nanoscale material through a membrane.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on September 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(University of Toronto) U of T researchers have used nanomaterials to develop a microchip sensitive enough to quickly determine the type and severity of a patient's cancer so that the disease can be detected earlier for more effective treatment.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on September 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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We will be able to upload the human brain to a computer, capturing "a person's entire personality, memory, skills and history," by the end of the 2030s; humans and non-biological machines will then merge so effectively that the differences between them will no longer matter; and, after that, human intelligence, transformed for the better, will start to expand outward into the universe, about 2045, says Ray Kurzweil. (Source: http://www.independ... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A new mathematical model developed by Rockefeller University scientists describes how the trillions of interconnections among neurons could maintain a stable but dynamic relationship that leaves the brain sensitive enough to respond to stimulation without veering into a blind seizure: neurons function together in localized groups to preserve stability.The new model differs from the traditional Hebbian model of neural networks, which assume that ea... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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UC San Diego physicists have created integrated circuits with particles called "excitons" at 125 degrees Kelvin (can be easily attained commercially with liquid nitrogen), bringing the possibility of a new type of extremely fast computer based on excitons closer to reality.Excitons are pairs of negatively charged electrons and positively charged holes that can be created by light in a semiconductor such as gallium arsenide. When the electron and ... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A simple, soft robotic hand that can grab a range of objects delicately and automatically adjust its fingers to get a good grip has been developed by researchers from Harvard and Yale Universities, and might also be useful as a prosthetic arm.(Leif Jentoft) (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/computing/23534/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Researchers at Cornell University have developed a simple device that could be used to move vast quantities of data at fast speeds over the Internet or on optical chips inside computers, using a silicon chip called a "time lens," lengths of optical fiber, and a laser.It splits up a data stream encoded at 10 gigabits per second, puts it back together, and outputs the same data at 270 gigabits per second. It could also be a critical step in the deve... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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"Logicomix," a comic book about the quest for logical certainty in mathematics, is populated by Bertrand Russell and other superheroes of philosophy. (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/27/books/review/Holt-t.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Advances in technology, genetics, brain science and biology are making the goal of restoring sight more feasible. The approaches include gene therapy, which has produced improved vision in people who are blind from one rare congenital disease, stem cells, light-responding protein, retinal transplants, and implanted electrodes to stimulate visual areas. (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/27/health/research/27eye.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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ABC TV's new FlashForward drama/mystery series could be one of the first major network dramas to understand the potential of social media. (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/external/gigaom/2009/09/25/25gigaom-abcs-flashforward-goes-crazy-with-online-content-91042.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Georgia Institute of Technology computer scientists have developed a system that can enhance Google Earth with real-time video from traffic and surveillance cameras, sports scenes, pedestrians, and weather sensors, using a combination of computer vision, graphics and machine learning to populate virtual towns with cars, animated people, and realistic skies.Possible enhancements include video and photos from cellphone cameras and temperature and hu... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Technion-Israel Institute of Technology researchers have designed a blueprint for a "photonic machine gun" that could fire out 12 qubits on demand. It uses a quantum dot (nanoscale crystal within a semiconducting device) chilled to a low temperature. When a short, strong pulse of light hits the dot, one of the electrons inside is raised to an excited state. As it "relaxes" back to its resting energy state it throws out a photon. (Source: http://... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(American Physical Society) Working toward ever lower temperatures is only part of the battle for physicists studying ultra-cold systems of atoms. A group of researchers has now found a way to deal with disorder as well, as they pump entropy away from an atomic gas.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on September 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(University of Alabama at Birmingham) The National Science Foundation has awarded $431,200 to the University of Alabama at Birmingham Department of Physics to facilitate the purchase of a new highly-specialized imaging system -- the first of its kind in Alabama -- that will be a centerpiece of a new interdisciplinary research laboratory on campus.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on September 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Durham University) Decision-making on science - especially emerging technologies such as nanotechnology -- must become more democratic, a new report on science policy released today argues. The group of leading European academics behind the "Reconfiguring Responsibility" report argue forcefully that current governance activities are limiting public debate and may repeat mistakes made in managing GM.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on September 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Batteries made of paper may power electronics in the future, researchers say. One experimental paper-based battery has been created by coating a conductive polymer, polypyrrole (PPy), on individual cellulose fibers, which in turn can be molded into paper sheets of exceptionally high internal porosity separated by ordinary filter paper soaked with sodium chloride, serving as the electrolyte.The battery recharged faster than conventional rechargeabl... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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By carefully observing and analyzing the pattern of activity in the brain, researchers have found that they can tell what number a person has just seen, or how many dots a person has been presented with.These findings confirm the notion that numbers are encoded in the brain via detailed and specific activity patterns. (Source: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/09/090924123306.htm)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Intel has announced plans to ship in 2010 an optical cable called Light Peak that will be able to transmit 10 gigabits of data per second between electronic devices such as a laptop and external hard drive. (Intel)A single Light Peak cable will also be capable of transporting different types of data simultaneously, meaning it will be possible to back up a hard drive, transfer high-definition video, and connect to a network with just one line.Futur... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Researchers are developing genetically engineered microbial sources of biofuels that do not rely on food sources or agricultural land, unlike ethanol made from corn or sugarcane. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/biomedicine/23526/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The experimental new U3-X from Honda, a spinoff of the company's ASIMO robot research, can go forward, backward, side-to-side and diagonally, all controlled with a simple lean. (Source: http://www.engadget.com/2009/09/24/hondas-u3-x-personal-mobility-device-is-the-segway-of-unicycles/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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University of Washington researchers are developing optoelectronic systems embedded in a contact lens to create Terminator-like augmented-reality displays and for noninvasive monitoring of the wearer's biomarkers (such as glucose levels) and other health indicators on the surface of the eye. One lens prototype [top] has several interconnects, single-crystal silicon components, and embedded compound-semiconductor components; another [bottom] conta... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on September 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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