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News on Human Progress:
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In-Q-Tel, the investment arm of the CIA and the wider intelligence community, is putting cash into Visible Technologies, a software firm that specializes in monitoring social media, part of a larger movement within the spy services to get better at using open-source intelligence. Visible crawls over half a million web 2.0 sites a day, scraping more than a million posts and conversations taking place on blogs, online forums, Flickr, YouTube, Twitte... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 21 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Google is preparing to manage as many as 10 million servers in the future, with a new storage and computation system called Spanner for automated allocation of resources across "entire fleets of machines," according to Google engineer Jeff Dean. (Source: http://www.datacenterknowledge.com/archives/2009/10/20/google-envisions-10-million-servers/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 21 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Barnes and Noble announced a new Android-based eBook reader Tuesday called Nook. (Source: http://blogs.zdnet.com/Burnette/?p=1406)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 21 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Shared computing services accessible over the Internet that can expand or contract on demand topped Gartner's list of the 10 top technologies that information technology personnel need to plan for.(Gartner) (Source: http://news.cnet.com/8301-30685_3-10378782-264.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 21 2009 by Thoughtbot
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University of Nevada researchers are developing artificial muscles for robots that run on hydrogen from metal hydride compounds, instead of noisy compressed-air pumps or electric motors. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20427305.600-hydrogen-muscle-silences-the-domestic-robot.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 21 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Plans for genetic analyses of 100,000 older Californians--the first time genetic data will be generated for such a large and diverse group--will accelerate research into environmental and genetic causes of disease, Kaiser Permanente researchers say. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/biomedicine/23777/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 21 2009 by Thoughtbot
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At this week's International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality, researchers will present systems designed to push the boundaries of AR--allowing users to interact with and manipulate virtual data, share real and virtual space with others, and see real time information around them. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/blog/editors/24253/?a=f)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 21 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(University of Pennsylvania) Physicists, chemists and engineers have demonstrated a novel method for the controlled formation of patchy particles, using charged, self-assembling molecules that may one day serve as drug-delivery vehicles to combat disease and perhaps be used in small batteries that store and release charge.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 20 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres) More than 120 years after the discovery of the electromagnetic character of radiowaves by Heinrich Hertz, wireless data transmission dominates information technology. Higher and higher radio frequencies are applied to transmit more data. Some years ago, scientists found that light waves might also be used for radio transmission. So far, manufacture of the small antennas has required an enormous ex... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 20 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Institute of Physics) Research published today, Tuesday, Oct. 20, in IOP Publishing's Superconductor Science and Technology explains how a new form of spectroscopy, a scientific method that uses electromagnetic radiation to identify materials, and a novel nanoelectronic device to detect signals, can identify explosive liquids, or liquid components for the fabrication of explosives, in usual plastic bottles almost instantly.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 20 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(North Carolina State University) North Carolina State University engineers have created a new material that would allow a fingernail-size computer chip to store the equivalent of 20 high-definition DVDs or 250 million pages of text, far exceeding the storage capacities of today's computer memory systems.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 20 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Molecular "light switches" can reveal exactly which neurons are involved in creating a memory, allowing scientists to trigger that memory using only light. This an example of how a novel technology called optogenetics being used by hundreds of labs is allowing scientists to tackle major unanswered questions about the brain, including the role of specific brain regions in the formation of memory, the process of addiction, and the transition from sl... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 20 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A team of scientists from Italy and Sweden has developed what is believed to be the first artificial hand that has feeling. It works by connecting nerve endings in the arm with 40 tiny electronic sensors, and four motors allow for manipulating objects. An implantable version is planned. Video (Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/8313037.stm)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 20 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Over-expressing the NR2B gene lets brain cells communicate just a fraction of a second longer and makes a smarter rat, report researchers from the Medical College of Georgia and East China Normal University.The finding further validates NR2B as a drug target for improving memory in healthy individuals as those with Alzheimer's or mild dementia, the scientists say.NR2B is a subunit of NMBA receptors, which are like small pores on brain cells that l... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 20 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Computer scientists from Nanyang Technological University in Singapore are developing a facial expression recognition system to help autistic children understand people's emotions. (Source: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/10/091019122639.htm)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 20 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Scientists at the California Institute of Technology have created a remote-controlled robot that is able to simulate the "visual" experience of a blind person who has been implanted with a visual prosthesis, such as an artificial retina using a silicon chip with electrodes that directly stimulate retinal nerve cells. The system allows for testing new prosthetic technologies. (Caltech/Wolfgang Fink, Mark Tarbell) (Source: http://www.sciencedaily... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 20 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Air Force Office of Scientific Research) Air Force-funded researcher, Dr. Oscar Custance from the National Institute for Materials Science in Japan has been chosen for the 2009 Feynman Prize for Experimental Work in Nanotechnology for his research in atomic-scale precision.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 19 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Northwestern University) Northwestern University researchers, using an extremely sensitive tool based on nanotechnology, have detected previously undetectable levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in patients who have undergone radical prostatectomy. With technology 300 times more sensitive than commercially available PSA tests, the researchers found measureable PSA levels in each post-operative patient in its study. After the removal of the ... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 19 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(University of California - Los Angeles) The California NanoSystems Institute at UCLA has announced a collaboration with Photron USA Inc., a manufacturer of high-speed imaging systems and image analysis software, to develop specialized instrumentation for the CNSI's core laboratory facilities.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 19 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Air Force Office of Scientific Research) A University of Michigan professor is developing an electric rocket thruster, NanoFET, that uses nanoparticle electric propulsion and enables spacecraft to travel faster and with less propellant than previous technology allowed.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 19 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Using fMRI scanning of a section of the spinal cord, researchers at University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf have found that pain-related activity in the spinal cord is strongly reduced under placebo. They speculate that higher brain areas affected by the placebo belief trigger the release of endogenous opioids that may reduce spinal cord activity. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn17993-placebo-effect-caught-in-the-act-in-spinal... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 19 2009 by Thoughtbot
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By directly manipulating the activity of individual neurons, University of Oxford and University of Virginia scientists have given flies false memories of a bad experience, enabling scientists to now obtain a level of evidence about brain function that was impossible before.To pinpoint the exact 12 neurons responsible for this memory among thousands in the fly brain, the researchers used a technique they developed called optogenetics, in which a s... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 19 2009 by Thoughtbot
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University of Rome researchers have attached self-propelling bacteria to a nanoscale cog, causing it to spin. Applications could include self-propelling micro-machines, micropumps, mixers for microfluidics, and scaled up macrmachines. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/blog/arxiv/24261/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 19 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A camera people can wear as a pendant to create "lifelogs" that archive their entire lives will be available on the market next year from Vicon in Oxford. It was originally developed as the SenseCam by Microsoft Research Cambridge to help jog the memories of people with Alzheimer's disease. (Vicon) (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn17992-new-camera-promises-to-capture-your-whole-life.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 19 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Light pollution from cities and the presence of CFCs and other artificial compounds in the atmosphere (indicated by absorption at characteristic wavelengths) could be signs of intelligent life on alien planets. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20427304.100-to-spot-an-alien-follow-the-pollution-trail.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on October 19 2009 by Thoughtbot
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