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European researchers in the CyberCars2 project have developed new control systems that let driverless vehicles ("cybercars") exchange data and coordinate their movements -- a atep toward high-throughput, efficient automated transportation systems that could be deployed in traffic-free zones. (Source: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/08/090824204832.htm)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A University of Central Florida research team has identified a gene called MCPIP (Monocyte Chemotactic Protein-1 Induced Protein) that controls the development of fat cells.MCPIP could be an ideal target for drugs that can shut down its function to prevent obesity and the major inflammatory diseases resulting it, including diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news170502656.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Stanford researchers have developed a method of stacking and purifying multiple crystal layers of germanium onto silicon that may pave the way for three-dimensional microchips that produce more computing power per unit of surface area. (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news170527247.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Oregon Health & Science University researchers have replaced four baby monkeys' defective mitochondrial DNA (inherited from the mother) with that from a healthy donor, opening the door to controversial germline engineering.Spindler, a baby rhesus macaque, is one of only four monkeys born with DNA from three parents (Nature) (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/biomedicine/23314/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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NewScientist explores dimensions from zero to 10D string theory in a special feature. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/special/beyond-space-and-time)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)) A research team from NIST and the University of Maryland has found a simple method of sandwiching organic molecules between silicon and metal, two materials fundamental to electronic components. By doing so, the team may have overcome one of the principal obstacles in creating switches made from individual molecules.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on August 26 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore) A novel electronic sensor array for more rapid, accurate and cost-efficient testing of DNA for disease diagnosis and biological research has shown "excellent" sensitivity at detecting trace amounts of DNA.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on August 26 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Using a peptide allows for an attached nanoparticle, such as a drug, to be delivered more effectively from the bloodstream into cells, similar to how viruses work. (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news170419576.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 26 2009 by Thoughtbot
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By flipping certain genetic levers during a chicken embryo's development, Hans Larsson, the Canada Research Chair in Macro Evolution at Montreal's McGill University, hopes to create a "chickenosaurus," demonstrating that birds are direct descendants of dinosaurs. (Source: http://www.physorg.com/news170426405.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 26 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Cal Tech physicists have demonstrated a way for quantum entanglement to be created in networks, leading to the possibility of light-based quantum wide-area repeater networks (QWANs) that could be used for near-instantaneous computerized trading systems, uncounterfeitable money, and insurmountable digital-rights protection. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/computing/23198/?a=f)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 26 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Johns Hopkins University) Johns Hopkins engineers are using a popular children's toy to visualize the behavior of particles, cells and molecules in environments too small to see with the naked eye. These researchers are arranging little LEGO pieces shaped like pegs to recreate microscopic activity taking place inside lab-on-a-chip devices at a scale they can more easily observe.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on August 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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MIT engineers have developed robofish that could inspect pipelines, lakes, rivers and boats. (Source: http://blogs.nature.com/news/thegreatbeyond/2009/08/robofish_and_microchips.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The Eccerobot has been designed to duplicate the way human bones, muscles and tendons work and are linked together.The plastic bones copy biological shapes and are moved by kite-line that is tough like tendons, while elastic cords mimic the bounce of muscle. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20327223.900-robot-with-bones-moves-like-you-do.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A new way to analyze human reaction times shows that the brain processes data no faster than 60 bits per second, one measure of the input/output capacity during a specific task. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/blog/arxiv/24030/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 25 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(University of Texas at Austin) Solar cells could soon be produced more cheaply using nanoparticle "inks" that allow them to be printed like newspaper or painted onto the sides of buildings or rooftops to absorb electricity-producing sunlight.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on August 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A phase transition inside a special metamaterial could lead to the sudden creation of an optical analog of the Big Bang, Igor Smolyaninov at the University of Maryland found in mathematical simulations. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/blog/arxiv/24013/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Ishikawa Komuro Lab's high-speed robot hand performs impressive acts of dexterity and skillful manipulation: dribbling a ping-pong ball, spinning a pen, throwing a ball, tying knots, grasping a grain of rice with tweezers, and tossing/re-grasping a cellphone. (Source: http://www.hizook.com/blog/2009/08/03/high-speed-robot-hand-demonstrates-dexterity-and-skillful-manipulation)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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An emerging field known as sentiment analysis, fueled by social networking, is taking shape around one of the computer world's unexplored frontiers: translating human emotions into hard data, which could eventually transform the experience of searching for information online. (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/08/24/technology/internet/24emotion.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Targeting geeks, Microsoft is augmenting Bing, its "decision engine," with Wolfram Alpha's "computational knowledge engine." (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/external/venturebeat/2009/08/21/21venturebeat-microsoft-taps-wolfram-to-make-bing-geekier-35472.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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An ambipolar polymer that can transport both electrons and holes (instead of needing separate materials) in organic circuits, speeding them up and simpifying fabrication, has been developed by University of Washington chemists. (University of Washington) (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/computing/23298/?a=f)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Does the prediction that the Shanghai Composite stock market index would crash before July 27 (actually happened two days after that deadline) suggest a forecasting breakthrough -- or did it cause it? (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/blog/arxiv/24023/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 24 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Dartmouth College) Despite their popularity in the science fiction genre, there is much to be learned about black holes. In a paper published in the August 20 issue of Physical Review Letters, the flagship journal of the American Physical Society, Dartmouth researchers propose a new way of creating a reproduction black hole in the laboratory on a much-tinier scale than their celestial counterparts.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on August 21 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A trailer for James Cameron's Avatar, "a fully immersive cinematic experience of a new kind," has been released. (Source: )
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 21 2009 by Thoughtbot
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3-D nanostructures with patterned surfaces for drug delivery, electronics, and other applications have been made by Johns Hopkins University chemists. They created arrays of patterned, cross-shaped nickel structures on a silicon wafer, then added tin hinges. When placed in a plasma etching chamber, the flat structures folded up into cubes and released from the wafer. To make nanocubes as small as 100 nanometers a side, the researchers added anothe... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 21 2009 by Thoughtbot
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The first video-in-print ads, using chips and thin screens around the size of mobile phone displays, will appear in select copies of Entertainment Weekly magazine in September and hold 40 minutes of video. The first clips will be promos for CBS programs and Pepsi. (Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/technology/8211209.stm)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on August 21 2009 by Thoughtbot
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