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News on Human Progress:
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The Pentagon has commissioned military contractors to develop a highly classified replica of the Internet of the future. The goal is to simulate what it would take for adversaries to shut down the country's power stations, telecommunications and aviation systems, or freeze the financial markets -- in an effort to build better defenses against such attacks, as well as a new generation of online weapons.The most exotic innovations under consideratio... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on April 29 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Texas Tech University researchers have developed a way to automatically diagnose epilepsy with an accuracy rate of 94 percent, by training a neural network to recognize the characteristic patterns in EEG data that indicate the patient is epileptic. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/blog/arxiv/23465/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on April 29 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Cornell University and UC Berkeley scientists have built cloaks that are essentially mirrors with a tiny bump in which an object can hide. The bump is hidden by a pattern of tiny silicon nanopillars on the mirror surface that steers reflected light in a way that makes any bump look flat. So anything can be hidden beneath the bump without an observer realizing it is there. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/blog/arxiv/23455/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on April 29 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Ugolog allows individuals to quickly set up a powerful surveillance system (for home monitoring, for example), using live video streaming via the Ugolog website, but the service could raise privacy issues for some uses. (Source: http://singularityhub.com/2009/04/28/ugolog-creates-worldwide-surveillance-network-to-watch-anyone-anywhere/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on April 29 2009 by Thoughtbot
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TRANSCEND: Nine Steps to Living Well Forever by Ray Kurzweil and Terry Grossman, MD, published today, presents an easy-to-follow, practical, nine-step program to dramatically slow down aging and disease processes "so that you can be in good health when we get dramatic new technologies that will enable us to essentially reprogram the outdated 'software' (our genes) that runs in our bodies," said Kurzweil. "These new methods are only ten to fifteen ... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on April 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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World Health Organization officials have raised the level of alert about a possible swine flu pandemic, increasing their pandemic warning level from 3 to 4, on a six-point scale, since the virus seems to be spreading regularly from person to person.The WHO is also taking measures to produce a vaccine against the new H1N1 virus, which could take between four to six months to produce. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn17036-health-of... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on April 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Israel Institute of Technology researchers used a network of 10 sets of chemically modified carbon nanotubes to create a multicomponent sensor capable of discriminating between a healthy breath and one characteristic of lung cancer patients. Using 10 different organic coatings, the investigators created field-effect transistors comprising random networks of each of the different coated nanotubes, and the resulting array produces a characteristic c... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on April 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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University of Lleida researchers have used genetic modification to increase the levels of multiple, rather than single, nutrients in a crop for the first time. (Source: http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2009/04/supercor/)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on April 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Scientists at the Gladstone Institute of Cardiovascular Disease have discovered that three proteins -- a pair of transcription factors and a protein that helps loosen tightly wound DNA -- could direct certain embryonic cells to form cardiac-muscle cells, called cardiomyocytes. These cells not only produced proteins characteristic of early heart cells, but they eventually started to beat. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/biomedicine/22543... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on April 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies) Existing health and safety agencies are unable to cope with the risk assessment, standard setting and oversight challenges of advancing nanotechnology. The nation needs a new agency to address current forms of pollution and to deal with the health and environmental impacts of the technically complex products promised by rapid 21st century scientific advances.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on April 28 2009 by Thoughtbot
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(Monash University) Monash University scientists have unlocked the physics of the perfect pizza toss and will use it to design the next generation of micro motors thinner that a human hair.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on April 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Researchers at the U.S. Department of Homeland Security suggest that piano renditions of an individual's cerebral music can help in dealing with insomnia and fatigue in the aftermath of a stressful experience.The DHS researchers hope to record the brain's natural activity during periods of calm or alertness. Human Bionics will convert the signal into an audible polyphonic melody. Individuals will be asked to listen to the tracks at various times d... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on April 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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A new technique may soon give researchers a lot more control over manipulating stem cells: researchers at RIKEN Yokohama Institute's Omics Science Center combined powerful computer modelling with "deep sequencing" -- a process that decodes huge numbers of DNA sequences to discover where and how certain genes are switched on and off. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20227055.500-deep-sequencing-gives-clues-to-stem-cell-control.html)... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on April 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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With the right preparation, a laser might pop out at the other side of the world -- a "hidden photons" (a class of particles predicted by so-called supersymmetric extensions to the standard model of particle physics) effect that could be exploited to transmit secret messages through the ground, says Andreas Ringwald at the German Electron Synchrotron (DESY) and colleagues. (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20227054.800-hidden-photo... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on April 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Several hundred people in Mexico and 20 people in the US have come down with a new kind of swine flu, which could become a serious worldwide epidemic."We don't know yet if this will be one. Cover coughs and sneezes and wash your hands a lot. Don't run down your ability to fight infection -- eat well and be sensible. Some scientists recommend going on statins as there is some evidence they reduce death rates from flu in people who tend to die from ... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on April 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Cornell University researchers analyzed the data attached to 35 million photographs uploaded to the Flickr website to create accurate global and city maps and identify "what the world is paying attention to" (New York is the world's most photographed city). Map of the east coast of the U.S. built entirely from geotagged Flickr photos (David Crandall) (Source: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn17017)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on April 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Pittsburgh Pattern Recognition, a start-up spun out from Carnegie Mellon University, has posted a face mining concept for the TV series Star Trek that allows for navigating video by character."We applied our state-of-the art algorithms in face detection, face tracking and face recognition to 67 Star Trek episodes over three seasons. This process automatically extracts all visible face tracks, and clusters these into a small number of same-person g... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on April 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Wolfram|Alpha will be an amazing product, but as a "computational knowledge engine," it's quite different from Google and other search engines. Alpha, however, will probably be a worthy challenger for Wikipedia and many textbooks and reference works. Instead of looking up basic encyclopedic information there, users can just go to Alpha instead, where they will get a direct answer to their question, as well as a nicely presented set of graphs and o... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on April 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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American health officials declared a public health emergency on Sunday as 20 cases of swine flu were confirmed in this country, including eight in New York City, seven in California, two in Kansas, two in Texas and one in Ohio. One-quarter of the national stockpile of 50 million courses of antiflu drugs will be released. (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/27/world/27flu.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on April 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Several companies are developing prototypes for heads-up display attachments to eyeglasses -- the wearer can look through them and see the real world with an overlay image presenting virtual information. The technology uses "holographic optics": light-emitting laser diodes in the side of the frame, shoot highly concentrated beams forward to the eyeglass surface. There, computerized, transparent devices called holographic gratings diffract light, ... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on April 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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By 2012, GE's "microholographic" discs could hold 500 gigabytes of data (compared to 25 or 50 gigabytes with Blu-Ray), perhaps for less than 10 cents a gigabyte. (Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/27/technology/business-computing/27disk.html)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on April 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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IBM plans to announce Monday that it is in the final stages of completing a computer program named Watson to compete against human "Jeopardy!" contestants, using a Blue Gene supercomputer and a database with a significant fraction of the Web now indexed by Google.If the program -- a new class of software that can "understand" human questions and respond to them correctly -- beats the humans, the field of artificial intelligence will have made a le... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on April 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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AI researchers at the University of Paderborn in Germany have implemented a version of the Hofstadter-Turing Test in the Second Life virtual world. An entity passes the Hofstadter-Turing Test if it first creates a virtual reality, then creates a computer program within that reality which must finally recognise itself as an entity within this virtual environment by passing the Hofstadter-Turing Test. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/blog/... More
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on April 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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"If you're a company that's got forty-seven offices worldwide, and all of a sudden your Singapore office is using cognitive enablers, and you're saying to Congress, 'I'm moving all my financial operations to Singapore and Taiwan, because it's legal to use those there,' you bet that Congress is going to say, 'Well, O.K.,'" says Zack Lynch of NeuroInsights. (Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/blog/post.aspx?bid=354&bpid=23443)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on April 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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Signs that the Singularity is near might include "larger and larger software debacles" and "whether or not the effects of Moore's Law are continuing on track," suggests legendary science- fiction writer Vernor Vinge. (Source: http://hplusmagazine.com/articles/ai/singularity-101-vernor-vinge)
KurzweilAI.net news made popular on April 27 2009 by Thoughtbot
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